Tag Archives: Conditions and Diseases

Evidence-Based Treatments of Addiction

Charles P. O’Brien FOCUS 2011;9:107-117.   Both pharmacotherapy and behavioural treatment are required to relieve the symptoms of addictive disorders. This paper reviews the evidence for the benefits of pharmacotherapy and discusses mechanisms where possible. Animal models of addiction have led to some medications that are effective in reducing symptoms and improving function but they […]

epilepsy-and-seizures-neuropsychiatric-implications

May 01, 2014 | Special Reports, Anxiety, Mood Disorders, Neuropsychiatry By Marco Mula, MD, PhD Linked Articles Computerized Neurocognitive Tests in Clinical Practice Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy: Should We Be Worried? Introduction: Understanding the Links Between Neuroscience and Behavior Management of Psychosis in Parkinson Disease Epilepsy and Seizures: Neuropsychiatric Implications For a long time, the correlation between epilepsy, seizures, and emotions has […]

For Now, Preventive Efforts Are Best Alzheimer’s Weapon

June 14, 2013  DOI: 10.1176/appi.pn.2013.6b10 Aaron Levin   Several factors can help maintain the brain’s health as people age, says a geriatric psychiatry expert.   “The brain undergoes a lot of wear and tear as it ages,” geriatric psychiatrist Gary Small, M.D., explained at APA’s 2013 annual meeting in May. Small has spent a career seeking […]

headache

_ _ _ _ _ Headache is pain in any part of the head, including the scalp, face (including the orbitotemporal area), and interior of the head. Headache is one of the most common reasons patients seek medical attention. Pathophysiology Headache is due to activation of pain-sensitive structures in or around the brain, skull, face, […]

fragile x associated tremors/ataxia syndrome

_ Fragile X–associated tremor/ataxia syndrome (FXTAS) is a genetic disorder affecting mostly men and causing tremor, ataxia, and dementia. FXTAS affects about 1/3000 men. A premutation (an increased number of CGG repeats) occurs in the fragile X mental retardation (FMR1) gene on the X chromosome; if the mutation is full, > 200 repeats occur, causing […]

chorea

_ _ _ Chorea is nonrhythmic, jerky, rapid, nonsuppressible involuntary movements, mostly of distal muscles or the face; movements may merge imperceptibly into purposeful or semipurposeful acts that mask the involuntary movements. Athetosis is nonrhythmic, slow, writhing, sinuous movements predominantly in distal muscles, often alternating with postures of the proximal limbs to produce a continuous, […]

weakness

Weakness is one of the most common reasons patients present to primary care clinicians. Weakness is loss of muscle strength, although many patients also use the term when they feel generally fatigued or have functional limitations (eg, due to pain or limited joint motion) even though muscle strength is normal. Weakness may affect a few […]

memory loss

_ _ _ _ Memory loss is a common complaint in the primary care setting. It is particularly common among the elderly but also may be reported by younger people. Sometimes family members rather than the patient report the memory loss (typically in an elderly person, often one with dementia). Clinicians and patients are often […]

behavioral emergencies

_Patients who are experiencing severe changes in mood, thoughts, or behavior or severe, potentially life-threatening drug adverse effects need urgent assessment and treatment. Nonspecialists are often the first care providers for outpatients and inpatients on medical units, but whenever possible, such cases should also be evaluated by a psychiatrist. When a patient’s mood, thoughts, or […]

intracerebral haemorrage

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ Intracerebral Hemorrhage Share This Intracerebral hemorrhage is focal bleeding from a blood vessel in the brain parenchyma. The cause is usually hypertension. Typical symptoms include focal neurologic deficits, often with abrupt onset of headache, nausea, and impairment of consciousness. Diagnosis is by CT or MRI. Treatment […]