SYLLABUS OF AYURVEDACHARYA (BAMS) COURSE 1ST PROFESSIONAL

CENTRAL COUNCIL OF INDIAN MEDICINE NEW DELHI

INDEX

1.1 PADARTHA VIGYAN AND AYURVED ITIHAS

2-6

1.2 SANSKRIT

7-8

1.3 KRIYA SHARIR

9-14

1.4 RACHANA SHARIR

15-18

 

1.5 MAULIK SIDDHANT AVUM ASHTANG HRIDAYA

19

 

Central Council of Indian Medicine |UG Ist year Syllabus 1

1.1

PADARTHA VIGYAN EVUM AYURVEDA ITIHAS (Philosophy and History of Ayurveda)

Theory- Two papers– 200 marks (100 each paper) Total teaching hours: 150 hours

PAPER-I PART A

Padartha Vigyanam

100marks 50 marks

1.Ayurveda Nirupana

. 1.1  Lakshana of Ayu, composition of Ayu.

. 1.2  Lakshana of Ayurveda.

. 1.3  Lakshana and classification of Siddhanta.

. 1.4  Introduction to basic principles of Ayurveda and their significance.

2. Ayurveda Darshana Nirupana

. 2.1  Philosophical background of fundamentals of Ayurveda.

. 2.2  Etymological derivation of the word “Darshana”. Classification and general
introduction to schools of Indian Philosophy with an emphasis on: Nyaya,
Vaisheshika, Sankhya and Yoga.

. 2.3  Ayurveda as unique and independent school of thought (philosophical individuality
of Ayurveda).

. 2.4  Padartha: Lakshana, enumeration and classification, Bhava and Abhava padartha,
Padartha according to Charaka (Karana-Padartha).

3. Dravya Vigyaniyam

. 3.1  Dravya: Lakshana, classification and enumeration.

. 3.2  Panchabhuta: Various theories regarding the creation (theories of
Taittiriyopanishad, Nyaya-Vaisheshika, Sankhya-Yoga, Sankaracharya, Charaka and
Susruta), Lakshana and qualities of each Bhoota.

. 3.3  Kaala: Etymological derivation, Lakshana and division / units, significance in
Ayurveda.

. 3.4  Dik: Lakshana and division, significance in Ayurveda.

. 3.5  Atma:Lakshana, classification, seat, Gunas, Linga according to Charaka, the
method / process of knowledge formation (atmanah jnasya pravrittih).

. 3.6  Purusha: as mentioned in Ayurveda – Ativahikapurusha/ Sukshmasharira/
Rashipurusha/ Chikitsapurusha/ Karmapurusha/ Shaddhatvatmakapurusha.

. 3.7  Manas: Lakshana, synonyms, qualities, objects, functions, dual nature of mind (ubhayaatmakatvam), as a substratum of diseases, penta-elemental nature
(panchabhutatmakatvam).

. 3.8  Role of Panchamahabhuta and Triguna in Dehaprakriti and Manasaprakriti
respectively.

. 3.9  Tamas as the tenth Dravya.

. 3.10  Practical study/application in Ayurveda.

 

Central Council of Indian Medicine |UG Ist year Syllabus 2

PART B 50 marks

4. Gunavigyaniyam
4.1 Etymological derivation, classification and enumeration according to Nyaya- Vaisheshika and Charaka, Artha, Gurvadiguna, Paradiguna, Adhyatmaguna.

. 4.2  Lakshana and classification of all the 41 gunas.

. 4.3  Practical / clinical application in Ayurveda.

5. Karma Vigyaniyam

. 5.1  Lakshana, classification in Nyaya.

. 5.2  Description according to Ayurveda.

. 5.3  Practical study/ application in Ayurveda.

6. Samanya Vigyaniyam
6.1 Lakshana, classification.
6.2 Practical study/ application with reference to Dravya, Guna and Karma.

7. Vishesha Vigyaniyam

. 7.1  Lakshana, classification.

. 7.2  Practical study/ application with reference to Dravya, Guna and Karma.

. 7.3  Significance of the statement “Pravrittirubhayasya tu”.

8. Samavaya Vigyaniyam
8.1 Lakshana

8.2 Practical study /clinical application in Ayurveda.

9. Abhava Vigyaniyam

9.1 9.2

Lakshana, classification
Clinical significances in Ayurveda.

PAPER II
PART A – Pramana/ Pariksha- Vigyaniyam

Padartha Vigyan and Ayurveda Itihas

100 marks 75 marks

1. Pariksha

. 1.1.  Definition, significance, necessity and use of Pariksha.

. 1.2.  Definition of Prama, Prameya, Pramata, Pramana.

. 1.3.  Significance and importance of Pramana, Enumeration of Pramana according to
different schools of philosophy.

. 1.4.  Four types of methods for examination in Ayurveda (Chaturvidha-Parikshavidhi),
Pramana in Ayurveda.

. 1.5.  Subsudation of different Pramanas under three Pramanas.

. 1.6.  Practical application of methods of examination (Parikshavidhi) in treatment
(Chikitsa).

2. Aptopdesha Pariksha/ Pramana

2.1. Lakshana of Aptopadesha, Lakshana of Apta.
2.2. Lakshana of Shabda, and its types.
2.3. Shabdavritti-Abhidha, Lakshana, Vyanjana and Tatparyakhya. Shaktigrahahetu. 2.4. Vaakya: Characteristics, Vaakyarthagyanahetu- Aakanksha, Yogyata, Sannidhi.

 

Central Council of Indian Medicine |UG Ist year Syllabus 3

PART

1.

2.

. 7.1.  Lakshana of Karya and Karana. Types of Karana.

. 7.2.  Significance of Karya and Karana in Ayurveda.

. 7.3.  Different opinions regarding the manifestation of Karya from Karana:
Satkaryavada, Asatkaryavada, Parinamavada, Arambhavada, Paramanuvada, Vivartavada, Kshanabhangurvada, Swabhavavada, Pilupaka, Pitharpaka, Anekantavada, Swabhavoparamavada.

B – Ayurved Itihas 25 marks

Etymological derivation (Vyutpatti), syntactical derivation (Niruktti) and definition of the word Itihas, necessity of knowledge of history, its significance and utility, means and method of history, historical person (Vyakti), subject (Vishaya), time period (Kaal), happening (Ghatana) and their impact on Ayurveda.

Introduction to the authors of classical texts during Samhitakaal and their contribution: Atreya, Dhanwantari, Kashyapa, Agnivesha, Sushruta, Bhela, Harita, Charaka,

3. Pratyaksha Pariksha/ Pramana

. 3.1.  Lakshana of Pratyaksha, types of Pratyaksha- Nirvikalpaka- Savikalpaka with description, description of Laukika and Alaukika types and their further classification.

. 3.2.  Indriya-prapyakaritvam, six types of Sannikarsha.

. 3.3.  Indriyanam lakshanam, classification and enumeration of Indriya. Description of
Panchapanchaka, Penta-elemental nature of Indriya by Panchamahabhuta
(Panchabhautikatwa of Indriya) and similarity in sources (Tulyayonitva) of Indriya.

. 3.4.  Trayodasha Karana, dominance of Antahkaran.

. 3.5.  Hindrances in direct perception (pratyaksha-anupalabdhikaaran), enhancement of
direct perception (Pratyaksha) by various instruments/ equipments, necessity of
other Pramanas in addition to Pratyaksha.

. 3.6.  Practical study/ application of Pratyaksha in physiological, diagnostic, therapeutics
and research grounds.

4. Anumanapariksha/Pramana

5.

6.

. 4.1.  Lakshana of Anumana. Introduction of Anumiti, Paramarsha, Vyapti, Hetu, Sadhya, Paksha, Drishtanta. Types of Anumana mentioned by Charaka and Nyayadarshana.

. 4.2.  Characteristic and types of Vyapti.

. 4.3.  Lakshana and types of Hetu, description of Ahetu and Hetwabhasa.

. 4.4.  Characteristic and significance of Tarka.

. 4.5.  Practical study/ application of Anumanapramana in physiological, diagnostic,
therapeutics and research.

Yuktipariksha/ Pramana

5.1. 5.2. 5.3.

Lakshana and discussion.
Importance in Ayurveda.
Practical study and utility in therapeutics and research.

Upamana Pramana

6.1 Lakshana.
6.2 Application in therapeutics and research.

7. Karya- Karana Siddhanta (Cause and Effect Theory)

 

Central Council of Indian Medicine |UG Ist year Syllabus 4

Dridhabala, Vagbhata, Nagarjuna, Jivaka.

3. Introduction to the commentators of classical Samhitas – Bhattaraharicchandra, Jejjata, Chakrapani, Dalhana, Nishchalakara, Vijayarakshita, Gayadas, Arunadutta, Hemadri, Gangadhara, Yogindranath Sen, Haranachandra, Indu.

4. Introduction to the authors of compendiums (Granthasamgrahakaala) – Bhavmishra, Sharngadhara, Vrinda, Madhavakara, Shodhala, Govinda Das (Author of Bhaishajyaratnawali), Basavraja.

5. Introduction to the authors of Modern era –Gana Nath Sen, Yamini Bhushan Rai, Shankar Dajishastri Pade, Swami Lakshmiram, Yadavji Tikramji, Dr. P. M. Mehta, Ghanekar, Damodar Sharma Gaur, Priyavrat Sharma.

6. Globalization of Ayurveda – Expansion of Ayurveda in Misra (Egypt), Sri Lanka, Nepal other nations.

7.

. a)  Developmental activities in Ayurveda in the post-independence period, development
in educational trends.

. b)  Establishment of different committees, their recommendations.

. c)  IntroductiontoandactivitiesofthefollowingOrganizations:-DepartmentofAYUSH,
Central Council of Indian Medicine, Central Council for Research in Ayurvedic Sciences, Ayurvedic Pharmacopeia commission, National Medicinal Plants Board, Traditional Knowledge Digital Library (TKDL)

. d)  Introduction to the following National Institutions :  National Institute of Ayurved, Jaipur.
 IPGT&RA, Gujrat Ayurved University, Jamnagar.  Faculty of Ayurved, BHU, Varanasi.
 Rashtriya Ayurveda Vidyapeetha, New Delhi.

. e)  Drug and Cosmetic Act.

8. Introductiontonational&internationalpopularjournalsofAyurveda.

9. IntroductiontoactivitiesofWHOinthepromotionofAyurved.

Reference Books:-

A). Padartha Vigyan:-

1. Padarthavigyan

2. Ayurvediya Padartha Vigyana

3. Ayurved Darshana

4. Padartha Vigyana

5. Padartha Vigyana

6. Sankhyatantwa Kaumadi

7. Psycho Pathology in Indian Medicine

8. Charak Evum Sushrut ke
Darshanik Vishay ka Adhyayan

9. Ayurvediya Padartha Vigyana

10. Padartha Vigyana

11. Padartha Vigyana

12. Ayurvediya Padartha Vigyana

13. Ayurvediya Padartha Vigyan Parichaya

14. Ayurvediya Padartha Darshan

Acharya Ramraksha Pathak Vaidya Ranjit Rai Desai Acharya Rajkumar Jain Kashikar

Balwant Shastri GajananS hastri
Dr. S.P. Gupta
Prof. Jyotirmitra Acharya

Dr. Ayodhya Prasad Achal
Dr. Vidyadhar Shukla
Dr. Ravidutta Tripathi
Vaidya Ramkrishna Sharma Dhand Vaidya Banwarilal Gaur

Pandit Shivhare

 

Central Council of Indian Medicine |UG Ist year Syllabus 5

15. Scientific Exposition of Ayurveda Dr. Sudhir Kumar

16. Relevant portions of Charakasamhita, Sushrutasamhita.

B) History of Ayurveda:-

1. Upodghata of Kashyapasamhita
Paragraph of acceptance of Indian medicine

2. Upodghata of Rasa Yogasagar

3. Ayurveda Ka Itihas

4. Ayurveda Sutra

5. History of Indian Medicine (1-3 part)

6. A Short history of Aryan Medical Science

7. History of Indian Medicine

8. Hindu Medicine

9. Classical Doctrine of Indian Medicine

10. Indian Medicine in the classical age 11. Indian Medicine (Osteology)
12. Ancient Indian Medicine
13. Madhava Nidan and its Chief

Commentaries (Chapters highlighting history) 14. Ayurveda Ka BrihatItihasa
15. Ayurveda Ka VaigyanikaItihasa
16. Ayurveda Ka PramanikaItihasa

17. History of Medicine in India
18. Vedomein Ayurveda
19. Vedomein Ayurveda
20. Science and Philosophy of Indian Medicine 21. History of Indian Medicine from

Rajguru Hem Raj Sharma

Vaidy Hariprapanna Sharma KaviraSuram Chand
Rajvaidya Ram Prasad Sharma

Dr. GirindrNath Mukhopadhyaya Bhagwat Singh
J. Jolly
Zimer

Filiyosa
AcharyaPriyavrata Sharma Dr. Harnley
Dr. P. Kutumbia
Dr. G.J. Mulenbelt

Vaidya Atridev Vidyalankara Acharya Priyavrata Sharma Prof. Bhagwat Ram Gupta Acharya Priyavrata Sharma Vaidya Ram GopalS hastri Dr. Kapil Dev Dwivedi

Dr. K.N. Udupa Dr. Jyotirmitra

Dr. Jyotirmitra
Dr. RavindraNathTripathi

Dr. Rajendra Prakash Bhatnagar Acharya Raj Kumar Jain Acharya Priyavrata Sharma Acharya Priyavrata Sharma

Dr. Karambelkara
Pt. Shiv Sharma
Dr. O.P. Jaggi
Dr. K.R. Shrikanta Murthy Dr. RaviduttaTripathi Ratnakara Shastri

Prof. Banwari Lal Gaur

Pre-Mauryan to Kushana Period
22. An Appraisal of Ayurvedic Material in

Buddhist literature
23. Mahayana Granthon mein nihita

Ayurvediya Samagri
24. Jain Ayurveda Sahitya Ka Itihasa 25. Ayurveda- Prabhashaka Jainacharya 26. CharakaChintana
27. Vagbhata Vivechana
28. Atharvaveda and Ayurveda
29. Ayurvedic Medicine Past and Present 30. Ancient Scientist
31. Luminaries of Indian Medicine
32. Ayurveda Ke Itihasa Ka Parichaya 33. Ayurveda Ke Pranacharya
34. Ayurveda Itihasa Parichaya

*********

 

Central Council of Indian Medicine |UG Ist year Syllabus 6

1.2 laLd`re~

THEORY – ONE PAPER – 100 marks

TEACHING HOURS – 90 hours

PART-A 50 marks

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. A)  From English / Hindi / regional language to Sanskrit

. B)  From Sanskrit to English / Hindi / regional language

. C)  Identification and correction of grammatical errors in the given sentences

The sentences for translation should be selected from the under mentioned reference books-

. 1)  Laghusiddhanta Kaumudi- Acharya Varadaraja (Commentary by Shri Dhananand Shastry)

. 2)  Brihattrayee- (Charaka Samhita, Sushruta Samhita, Ashtanga Hridayam)

. 3)  Anuvada Chandrika-Chakradhara Hansa Nautiyal

. 4)  Sanskruta Ayurved Sudha- Dr. Banwari Lal Gaur

. 5)  Rachananuvada Kaumudi- Dr. Kapildev Dwivedi

. 6)  Bhasha Sopanam- Published by Rashtreeya Samskruta Samsthanam, New Delhi

1- 2-

3- 4- 5-

6- 7- 8-

 

Central Council of Indian Medicine |UG Ist year Syllabus 7

PART- B

Hkk”kk/;;ue~

50 marks

1-1⁄2
Shareera Sthanam, Chapter-4)

25 marks

15 marks 10 marks

2-1⁄2 3-1⁄2

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REFERENCE BOOKS-

. 1.)  Sushruta Samhita, Shareera Sthanam, Chapter-4

. 2.)  Prabhashanam Work Book, Su.sam.chap.4
Published by-AYURVEDA ACADEMY® BANGALORE;
Email-ayuacademy@gmail.com

. 3.)  Vaidyakeeya Subhashita Sahityam – Dr. Bhaskara Govinda Ghanekar

. 4.)  Panchatantra-(Apareekshitakarakam) -Pt. Vishnu Sharma
****************

.

  

Central Council of Indian Medicine |UG Ist year Syllabus 8

PAPER- I PART- A

1. 2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8. 9.

10.

1.3 KRIYA SHARIR (PHYSIOLOGY)

Theory-Two Papers-200 Marks (100 marks each) Teaching hours-180 hours

100 marks 50 marks

Conceptual study of fundamental principles of Ayurvediya Kriya Sharir e.g – Panchamahabhuta, Tridosha, Triguna, Loka-Purusha Samya, Samanya-Vishesha. Description of basics of Srotas.
Definition and synonyms of the term Sharir, definition and synonyms of term Kriya, description of Sharir Dosha and Manasa Dosha. Mutual relationship between Triguna- Tridosha & Panchmahabhuta. Difference between Shaarir and Sharir. Description of the components of Purusha and classification of Purusha, role of Shatdhatupurusha in Kriya Sharira and Chikitsa.

Dosha- General description of Tridosha. Inter relationship between Ritu-Dosha-Rasa- Guna. Biological rhythms of Tridosha on the basis of day-night-age-season and food intake. Role of Dosha in the formation of Prakriti of an individual and in maintaining of health. Prakrita and Vaikrita Dosha.

Vata Dosha: Vyutpatti (derivation), Nirukti (etymology) of the term Vata, general locations, general properties and general functions of Vata, five types of Vata (Prana, Udana, Samana, Vyana, Apana) with their specific locations, specific properties, and specific functions.

Respiratory Physiology in Ayurveda, Physiology of speech in Ayurveda.
Pitta Dosha: Vyutpatti, Nirukti of the term Pitta, general locations, general properties and general functions of Pitta, five types of Pitta (Pachaka, Ranjaka, Alochaka, Bhrajaka, Sadhaka) with their specific locations, specific properties, and specific functions. Similarities and differences between Agni and Pitta.
Kapha Dosha: Vyutpatti, Nirukti of the term Kapha, general locations, general properties and general functions of Kapha, five types of Kapha (Bodhaka, Avalambaka, Kledaka, Tarpaka, Śleshaka ) with their specific locations, specific properties, and specific functions.
Etiological factors responsible for Dosha Vriddhi, Dosha Kshaya and their manifestations.
Concept of Kriyakala.
Prakriti:
a) Deha- Prakriti: Vyutpatti, Nirukti, various definitions and synonyms for the term

„Prakriti‟. Intra-uterine and extra-uterine factors influencing Deha-Prakriti,

classification and characteristic features of each kind of Deha-Prakriti.
b) Manasa- Prakriti: Introduction and types of Manasa- Prakriti.
Ahara: Definition, classification and significance of Ahara, Ahara-vidhi-vidhana, Ashta Aharavidhi Viseshayatana, Ahara Parinamkar Bhava.

 

Central Council of Indian Medicine |UG Ist year Syllabus 9

11. Aharapaka (Process of digestion): Description of Annavaha Srotas and their Mula. Role of Grahani & Pittadhara Kala.

12. Description of Avasthapaka (Madhura, Amla and Katu). Description of Nishthapaka (Vipaka) and its classification. Separation of Sara and Kitta. Absorption of Sara. Genesis of Vata-Pitta-Kapha during Aharapaka process. Definition of the term Koshtha. Classification of Koshtha and the characteristics of each type of Koshtha.

13. Agni – Definition and importance, synonyms, classification, location, properties and functions of Agni and functions of Jatharagni, Bhutagni, and Dhatvagni.

PART- B
Modern Physiology

50 marks

a)

b) c)

d)

e)

f)

PAPER- II PART- A

1.

Definition and mechanisms of maintenance of homeostasis. Cell physiology. Membrane physiology. Transportation of various substances across cell membrane.
Resting membrane potential and action potential.

Physiology of respiratory system: functional anatomy of respiratory system. Definition of ventilation, mechanism of respiration, exchange and transport of gases, neural and chemical control of respiration, artificial respiration, asphyxia, hypoxia. Introduction to Pulmonary Function Tests.

Physiology of Nervous System: General introduction to nervous system, neurons, mechanism of propagation of nerve impulse, physiology of CNS, PNS, ANS; physiology of sensory and motor nervous system, Functions of different parts of brain and physiology of special senses, intelligence, memory, learning and motivation. Physiology of sleep and dreams, EEG. Physiology of speech and articulation. Physiology of temperature regulation.

Functional anatomy of gastro-intestinal tract, mechanism of secretion and composition of different digestive juices. Functions of salivary glands, stomach, liver, pancreas, small intestine and large intestine in the process of digestion and absorption. Movements of the gut (deglutition, peristalsis, defecation) and their control. Enteric nervous system.

Acid-base balance, water and electrolyte balance. Study of basic components of food. Digestion and metabolism of proteins, fats and carbohydrates.
Vitamins & Minerals- sources, daily requirement, functions, manifestations of hypo and hypervitaminosis.

100 marks 50 marks

Dhatu:

Etymology, derivation, definition, general introduction of term Dhatu, different theories related to Dhatuposhana (Dhatuposhana Nyaya)

2. Rasa Dhatu:

Etymology, derivation, location, properties, functions and Praman of Rasa-dhatu. Physiology of Rasavaha Srotas, Formation of Rasa Dhatu from Aahara Rasa, circulation of Rasa (Rasa-Samvahana), role of Vyana Vayu and Samana Vayu in Rasa Samvahana. Description of functioning of Hridaya. Ashtavidha Sara (8 types

 

Central Council of Indian Medicine |UG Ist year Syllabus 10

of Sara), characteristics of Tvakasara Purusha, conceptual study of mutual interdependence (Aashraya-Aashrayi Bhaava) and its relation to Rasa and Kapha. Manifestations of kshaya and Vriddhi of Rasa.

3. Rakta Dhatu:

Etymology, derivation, synonyms, location, properties, functions and Praman of Rakta Dhatu. Panchabhautikatva of Rakta Dhatu, physiology of Raktavaha Srotas, formation of Raktadhatu, Ranjana of Rasa by Ranjaka Pitta, features of Shuddha Rakta, specific functions of Rakta, characteristics of Raktasara Purusha, manifestations of Kshaya and Vriddhi of Raktadhatu, mutual interdependence of Rakta and Pitta.

4. Mamsa Dhatu :

Etymology, derivation, synonyms, location, properties and functions of Mamsa Dhatu, physiology of Mamsavaha Srotasa, formation of Mamsa Dhatu, characteristics of Mamsasara Purusha, manifestations of Kshaya and Vriddhi of Mamsa Dhatu .Concept of Peshi.

5. Meda Dhatu :

Etymology, derivation, location, properties, functions and Praman of Meda Dhatu, physiology of Medovaha Srotas, formation of Medo Dhatu, characteristics of Medasara Purusha and manifestations of Kshaya and Vriddhi of Meda.

6. Asthi Dhatu:

Etymology, derivation, synonyms, location, properties, functions of Asthi Dhatu. Number of Asthi. Physiology of Asthivaha Srotas and formation of Asthi Dhatu, characteristics of Asthisara Purusha, mutual interdependence of Vata and Asthi Dhatu, manifestations of Kshaya and Vriddhi of Asthi Dhatu.

7. Majja Dhatu :

Etymology, derivation, types, location, properties, functions and Praman of Majjaa Dhatu, physiology of Majjavaha Srotas, formation of Majja Dhatu, characteristics of Majja Sara Purusha, relation of Kapha, Pitta, Rakta and Majja, manifestations of Kshaya and Vriddhi of Majja Dhatu.

8. Shukra Dhatu:
Etymology, derivation, location, properties, functions and Praman of Shukra Dhatu, physiology of Shukraravaha Srotas and formation of Shukra Dhatu. Features of Shuddha Shukra, characteristics of Shukra-Sara Purusha, manifestations of Kshaya and Vriddhi of Shukra Dhatu.

9. Concept of Ashraya-Ashrayi bhava i.e. inter-relationship among Dosha, Dhatu Mala and Srotas.

10. Ojas: Etymological derivation, definition, formation, location, properties, Praman, classification and functions of Ojas. Description of Vyadhikshamatva. Bala Vriddhikara Bhava. Classification of Bala. Etiological factors and manifestations of Ojavisramsa, Vyapat and Kshaya.

 

Central Council of Indian Medicine |UG Ist year Syllabus 11

11. Upadhatu: General introduction, etymological derivation and definition of the term Upadhatu. Formation, nourishment, properties, location and functions of each Upadhatu.

. a)  Stanya: Characteristic features and methods of assessing Shuddha and Dushita Stanya, manifestations of Vriddhi and Kshaya of Stanya.

. b)  Artava: Characteristic features of Shuddha and Dushita Artava. Differences between Raja and Artava, physiology of Artavavaha Srotas.

. c)  Tvak: classification, thickness of each layer and functions.

12. Mala: Etymological derivation and definition of the term Mala. Aharamala: Enumeration and description of the process of formation of Aharamala.

. a)  Purisha: Etymological derivation, definition, formation, properties, quantity and functions of Purisha. Physiology of Purishavaha Srotas, manifestations of Vriddhi and Kshhaya of Purisha.

. b)  Mutra: Etymological derivation, definition, formation, properties, quantity and functions of Mutra. Physiology of Mutravaha Srotas, physiology of urine formation in Ayurveda, manifestations of Vriddhi and Kshhaya of Mutra.

. c)  Sveda: Etymological derivation, definition, formation and functions of Sveda. Manifestations of Vriddhi and Kshaya of Sveda. Discription of Svedvaha Strotas

. d)  Dhatumala: Brief description of each type of Dhatumala.

13. Panchagyanendriya: Physiological description of Panchagyaanendriya and physiology of perception of Shabda, Sparsha, Rupa, Rasa and Gandha. Physiological description of Karmendriya.

14. Manas: Etymological derivation, definition, synonyms, location, properties, functions and objects of Manas. Physiology of Manovaha Srotas.

15. Atma: Etymological derivation, definition, properties of Atma. Difference between Paramatma and Jivatma; Characteristic features of existence of Atma in living body.

16. Nidra: Nidrotpatti, types of Nidra, physiological and clinical significance of Nidra; Svapnotpatti and types of Svapna.

PART –B 50 marks

Modern Physiology

1. Haemopoetic system – composition, functions of blood and blood cells, Haemopoiesis (stages and development of RBCs, and WBCs and platelets), composition and functions of bone marrow, structure, types and functions of haemoglobin, mechanism of blood clotting, anticoagulants, physiological basis of blood groups, plasma proteins, introduction to anaemia and jaundice.

2. Immunity, classification of immunity: Innate, acquired and artificial. Different mechanisms involved in immunity: Humoral (B-cell mediated) and T-Cell mediated immunity. Hypersensitivity.

3. Muscle physiology – comparison of physiology of skeletal muscles, cardiac muscles and smooth muscles. Physiology of muscle contraction.

4. Physiology of cardio-vascular system: Functional anatomy of cardiovascular system. Cardiac cycle. Heart sounds. Regulation of cardiac output and venous

 

Central Council of Indian Medicine |UG Ist year Syllabus 12

return. Physiological basis of ECG. Heart-rate and its regulation. Arterial pulse.

Systemic arterial blood pressure and its control.

5. Adipose tissue, lipoproteins like VLDL, LDL and HDL triglycerides.

6. Functions of skin, sweat glands and sebaceous glands.

7. Physiology of male and female reproductive systems. Description of ovulation,
spermatogenesis, oogenesis, menstrual cycle.

8. Physiology of Excretion – functional anatomy of urinary tract, functions of kidney.
Mechanism of formation of urine, control of micturition. Formation of faeces and
mechanism of defecation.

9. Endocrine glands – General introduction to endocrine system, classification and
characteristics of hormones, physiology of all endocrine glands, their functions and their effects.

PRACTICAL

Ayurvedic practical

1. AssessmentofPrakriti
2. AssessmentofDosha(FeaturesofVriddhi-Kshaya) 3. AssessmentofDhatu(FeaturesofVriddhi-Kshaya) 4. AssessmentofAgni
5. AssessmentofKoshtha
6. AssessmentofSara
7. Nadi pariksha

Modern physiology practical

100 marks Teaching hours-180

1. Introduction to laboratory instruments- Simple & Compound Microscope, Scalp vein set, bulbs for blood collection, Sahli‟s Haemometer, Haemocytometer, pipettes, Urinometer, Albuminometer, Stethoscope, B.P. Apparatus, Harpenden‟s caliper, Clinical Hammer, Tuning Fork, Stop Watch, Thermometer, Centrifuge machine, ECG Machine

2. Collectionofbloodsample–prick,vene-puncturemethod,useofanticoagulants

3. Preparationofbloodsmearandstaining

4. EstimationofHemoglobin

5. Microscopic examination of blood
a. Total RBC count
b. Total WBC count
c. Differential leucocyte count

6. Packed cell volume (PCV) demonstration 7. ESRdemonstration
8. Bleedingtime,Clottingtime
9. BloodgroupingandRhtyping

10. Examination of Cardio-Vascular system

a. Pulse examination

b. Arterial blood pressure measurement

c. Examination of heart sounds

d. ECG demonstration

11. Examination of Respiratory system

a. Respiratory rate

b. Breath sounds

c. Spirometry

12. Examination of Nervous System- Sensory & Motor.

 

Central Council of Indian Medicine |UG Ist year Syllabus 13

13. Urine examination –Physical examination, chemical examination. Test for normal constituents of urine. Detection of specific gravity and reaction of urine.

Distribution of Practical marks

1. Laboratory Practical

2. Human Experiment

3. Spotting

4. Prakriti Saradi pariksha

5. Practical Record

6. Viva- voce

REFERENCE BOOKS:-

  Ayurvediya Kriyasharir

  Kayachikitsa Parichaya

  Prakrit Agni Vigyan

  Sharir Kriya Vigyan

-20 -15 -15 -20 -10 -20

– Ranjit Rai Desai – C. Dwarkanath – C. Dwarkanath

– Shiv Charan Dhyani
 Abhinava Sharir Kriya Vigyana – Acharya Priyavrata Sharma

  Dosha Dhatu Mala Vigyana – Shankar Gangadhar Vaidya

  Prakrita Dosha Vigyana – Acharya Niranjana Dev

  Tridosha Vigyana – Shri Upendranath Das

  Sharira Tatva Darshana – Hirlekar Shastri

  Prakrita Agni Vigyana – Niranjana Dev

  Deha Dhatvagni Vigyana – Vd. Pt. Haridatt Shastri

  Sharir Kriya Vigyana (Part 1-2) – Acharya Purnchandra Jain

  Sharir Kriya Vigyana – Shri Moreshwar Dutt. Vd.

  Sharira Kriya Vijnana (Part 1 and 2) – Nandini Dhargalkar

  Dosha Dhatu Mala Vigyana – Basant Kumar Shrimal

  Abhinava Sharir Kriya Vigyana – Dr. Shiv Kumar Gaur

  Pragyogik Kriya Sharir – Acharya P.C. Jain

  Kaya Chikitsa Parichaya – Dr. C. Dwarkanath

  Concept of Agni – Vd. Bhagwan Das

  Purush Vichaya – Acharya V.J. Thakar

  Kriya Sharir – Prof. Yogesh Chandra Mishra

  Sharir Kriya Vigyana – Prof. Jayaram Yadav &Dr. Sunil Verma.

  Basic Principles of Kriya-Sharir (A treatise on Ayurvedic Physiology ) by Dr. Srikant
Kumar Panda

  Sharir Kriya – Part I & Part II – Dr. Ranade, Dr. Deshpande & Dr. Chobhe

  Human Physiology in Ayurveda – Dr Kishor Patwardhan

  Sharirkriya Vignyan Practical Hand Book– Dr.Ranade, Dr.Chobhe, Dr. Deshpande

  Sharir Kriya Part 1 – Dr.R.R.Deshapande, Dr.Wavhal

  Sharir Kriya Part 2 – Dr. R.R.Deshapande, Dr.Wavhal

  Ayurveda Kriya Sharira- Yogesh Chandra Mishra

  Textbook of Physiology – Gyton & Hall

  A Textbook of Human Physiology – A.K.Jain

  Essentials of Medical Physiology – Sembulingam, K.

  Concise Medical Physiology – Chaudhari, Sujit K.

  Principals of Anatomy & Physiology – Tortora & Grabowski

  Textbook of Medical Physiology- Indu Khurana
****************

 

Central Council of Indian Medicine |UG Ist year Syllabus 14

1.4 RACHNA SHARIR (ANATOMY)

PAPER-I PART-A

1. Shariropkramaniya Shaarira

Theory- Two Papers-200 Marks–(100 marks each) Teaching Hours-180 hours

100 marks 50 marks

Sharira and shaarira vyakhya (definitions of sharira and shaarira), shadangatvam (six regions of the body), anga pratyanga vibhaga (sub divisions). Mrita sharir samshodhan. Shaarira shastra vibhaga, shaarira gyan prayojana . Constitution of purusha according to dhatubheda, panchabhautikatvam, trigunatmakatvam, tridoshamayatvam, karma purusha, and doshadhatumala-mulakatvam.

2. Paribhasha Shaarira

Kurcha, kandara, jala, asthisanghat, seemanta, seevani, rajju, snayu and lasika.

3. Garbha Shaarira

Garbha definitions, explanation of shukra, artava, garbhadhana. Role of tridosha and panchmahabhuta in the fetal development. Beeja, beejabhaga and beejabhagavayava, linga vinischaya, masanumasika garbha vriddhi-krama, garbhottpadakbhava, garbhavriddhikara bhava, garbha poshana, apara nirmana , nabhinadi nirmana. Aanga pratyanga utpatti.

4. Pramana Shaarira: Anguli pramana. 5. Asthi Shaarira

Asthi vyakhya, number, types, asthi swaroopa, vasa, meda and majja.

6. Sandhi Shaarira

Sandhi vyakhya, numbers, types of asthi sandhi.

7. Sira, Dhamani, Srotas Shaarira

a) Definition, types and number of sira and dhamani.
b) Description of Hridaya.
c) Srotoshaarira:Definition,typesofsrotasandsrotomula.

8. Peshi Shaarira

a) Peshi vyakhya, structure, types, number and importance. b) Description of Peshi.

9. Koshtha Evam Ashaya Shaarira

a) Definition of kostha and number of koshthanga. b) Types and description of ashaya.

10. Kalaa Shaarira

Kalaa: definition and types.

11. Uttamangiya Shaarira

Shatchakra, ida, pingala and sushumna nadi – brief description.

12. Marma Shaarira

 

Central Council of Indian Medicine |UG Ist year Syllabus 15

Marma: definition, number, location, classification, clinical importance with viddha lakshana. Explanation of trimarmas. Detail description of marmas.

13. Indriya Shaarira

Definition of indriya, indriya artha and indriya adhisthan, their number and importance. Description of gyanendria, karmendriya and ubhayendriya (manas).

PART-B 50 marks 1. Definition and branches of anatomy. Preservation methods of the cadaver.

2. Anatomical Terminologies

Anatomical position, Planes, and explanation of anatomical terms related to skin, fasciae, bones, joints and their movements, muscles, ligaments, tendons, blood vessels, nerves,.

3. Embryology

Definitions and branches of embryology. Embryo and fetus. Sperm and ovum, fertilization. Cleavage. Germ layers formation and their derivatives. Laws of heredity, Sex determination and differentiation, Month-wise development of embryo. Foetal circulation, placenta formation, Umbilical cord formation.

4. Osteology

Bone: Definition, ossification, structure and types. Description of bones with clinical anatomy.

5. Arthrology

Joints: Definition, structure types and movements. Description of joints of extremities, vertebral joints and temporomandibular joint with their clinical anatomy.

6. Cardiovascular system

a. Definition,typesandstructureofarteriesandveins.
b. Descriptionofheartandbloodvesselswiththeircourseandbranches. c. Pericardium with applied aspect.

7. Lymphatic system

Definition, types and structure of lymph vessels, lymph glands with their clinical aspect.

8. Myology

a) Structure and types of muscles.
b) Description of muscles; their origin, insertion, actions, nerve supply and clinical anatomy.

Paper II Part A

1. Respiratory System

a. Bronchialtreeandlungswiththeirclinicalaspects.
b. Respiratorytract:nasalcavity,pharynx,larynx,trachea,bronchialtree. c. Pleura with its clinical aspects.
d. Diaphragm.

2. Digestive system

100 marks 50 marks

 

Central Council of Indian Medicine |UG Ist year Syllabus 16

a. Organsofdigestivetract(alimentarytract)withtheirclinicalaspects. b. Digestiveglands:liver,spleenandpancreas.
c. Description of peritoneum with its clinical aspects.

3. Urinary System

Urinary tract: kidney, ureter, urinary bladder and urethra with their clinical aspects.

4. Reproductive system

a. Male Reproductive system: reproductive organs, tract and glands (prostate and seminal vesicles) with their clinical aspects.
b. Female reproductive system: reproductive organs, tract and glands with their clinical aspects.

5. Endocrinology
Definition, classification & description of endocrine glands (pituitary, thyroid, parathyroid, thymus and suprarenal glands) with clinical aspects.

PART B 50 marks

6. Nervous System

Nervous system: definition, classification and its importance. Description of brain and spinal cord.
Description of peripheral nervous system: cranial and spinal nerves, nerve plexuses, and autonomic nervous system, formation and circulation of cerebrospinal fluid and blood supply of brain and spinal cord.

7. Sensory organs

Description of structures of eye, ear, nose, tongue and skin with their clinical aspects.

8. Surface and radiological anatomy

a. Study of radio-imaging of limbs, abdomen, pelvis and vertebral column with its clinical application.
b. Surface anatomy of thoracic and abdominal viscera.

PRACTICAL

Content of practical

1. Practical study of bones

2. Practical study of organs

3. Practical study of surface and radiological anatomy.

4. Shava vichhedana – detailed dissection of the whole body.

5. Practical study of location of marma

6. Demonstration of histology slides (10 slides)

100 marks Teaching hours: 180

Distribution of marks

1. Spotting –

2. Dissected organs and histology slides –

3. Bones, joints, marma –

4. Surface & radiological anatomy –

5. Practical records –

6. Viva-Voce –
Total

Reference Books :-

20 marks 20 Marks 20 Marks 10 Marks 10 Marks 20 Marks

100 Marks

 

Central Council of Indian Medicine |UG Ist year Syllabus 17

S. No.

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.

9.

10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18.

Name of Book

Author

Brihat Shariram Vaidyaratna-
Abhinava Shariram-
Manava Sharir (Revised Edition)-
Manava Bhruna Vigyana –
Manava Anga Rekhankan Vikrian –
Sharir Rachana Vigyan (English)-
Manual of Practical Anatomy Cunnigham Practical Manual Vol-1, Vol-2, Vol-3

Clinical Anatomy in Ayurveda –

Sharir Rachna Vigyan (English)-

Ayurvedic Human Anatomy – Regional Anatomy –

Rachana Sharir Vigyana –
elevant chapters of Brihtrayee and Laghuthrayee Gray’s Anatomy
Text Book of Human Anatomy-
Clinical Anatomy-
Fundamentals of Human Anatomoy-
Human Osteology –

**********************

P.S. Varrier
Acharya Damodar Sharma Gaur Prof. Dinkar Govind Thatte Prof. Dinkar Govind Thatte Prof. Dinkar Govind Thatte Vaidya P.G. Athawale

Prof. D.G. Thatte & Prof. Suresh Chandra
Prof. D.G. Thatte

Prof. Dr. Giridhar B. D. Chaurasia Dr. Mahendra Sing

M. Kanthi

Inderbir Singh Richard S Snell Dr. Chakraborthy Poddar

 

Central Council of Indian Medicine |UG Ist year Syllabus 18

1.5 Maulik Siddhant avum Ashtang Hridaya
(Basic Principles and Ashtang Hridaya- An ancient text of Ayurveda)

 

Theory- One Paper– 100 marks Teaching Hours -120 hours

60 marks

40 marks

1.
2.
3. Shastra Lakshan (Tantra), Tantraguna, Tantradosha, Tachitalya, Arthasraya, Kalpana

Part A

Ashtang Hridaya Sutrasthana Adhyaya 1 to 15

Part B

Ashtang Hridaya Sutrasthana Adhyaya 16 to 30 Description of Ashta Prakriti

Reference Books:

1. Astang Hridaya :

2. Astang Hridaya :

3. Astang Hridaya :

4. Astang Hridaya :

5. Astang Hridaya :

6. Astang Hridaya :

Hindi commentary by Lalchanda Vaidya Hindi commentary by Vd. B.L. Gaur
English commentary by Dr. T. Sreekumar English commentary by Dr. Vishwavasu Gaur Sanskrit commentary by Hemadri

Sanskrit commentary by Arunadatta ******************

 

Central Council of Indian Medicine |UG Ist year Syllabus 19

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