Signs in medicine

  1. Aaron’s sign · Appendicitis → Epigastric distress
  2. Alder’s sign · Appendicitis in pregnancy → Shifting tenderness
  3. Cullen’s sign · Ectopic pregnancy → Ecchymosis of umbilicus
    · Hemorrhagic Pancreatitis (haemoperitoneum)
  4. Carnett’s sign · Plane of Abdominal Swelling
  5. Chilaiditi’s sign · Interposition of colon between liver and diaphragm
  6. Cope’s sign (Psoas sign) · Acute appendicitis
  7. Cope’s psoas test · Acute appendicitis
  8. Courvoisier’s sign · Obstructive jaundice → If gall bladder is palpable it is not due to gall stones (Curvoisier’s law)
  9. Crowe’s sign · Neurofibromatosis Axillary feckling
  10. DaRLymple sign · Grave’s ophthalmopathy → Retraction of upper eyeLid
  11. Dance sign · Intussusception Emptiness in right iliac fossa
  12. Echo sign · Heard over hydatid cyst → Percussion sound resembling an echo
  13. Ewart’s sign · Pericardial effusion → Dull on percussion at lower angle of left scapula
  14. Fox sign · Hemorrhagic Pancreatitis → Discoloration near in­guinal ligament
  15. Flush tank sign · Hydronephrosis
  16. Grey Turner sign · Hemorhagicparicreatitis → Bruising in left flank (flanks TURn Grey)
  17. Griffith sign · Grave’s ophthalmopatly → Lower lid lag on upward gaze
  18. Guyon’s sign · Ballottement → Floating kidney
  19. Homan’s sign · Deep vein thrombosis of calf veins → Pain on sudden dorsiflexion of foot
  20. Hamilton Bailey sign · Intussusception → Sausage shaped mass
  21. Hitzelberger’s sign · Acoustic neuroma → An­esthesia of external auditory canal due to compression of facial nerve
  22. Joffroy’s sign · Grave’s → Absence of wrinkling on forehead
  23. Kanavel’s sign · Ulnar bursitis → Site of maximum tenderness
  24. Kehr sign · Splenic rupture → Pain elicited in left shoulder
  25. Lesar Trelat sign · Internal malignancy of GIT → Sudden appearance & rapid increase in size & number of “seborrhoeic keratosis”
  26. Mc. Burney’s sign · Appendicitis → Tenderness over Mc.Bumey point
  27. Murphy’s sign · Cholecystitis
  28. Moebius sign · Grave’s → Inability to keep eye balls converged
  29. Mose’s sign · Deep vein thrombosis → Squeezing relaxed calf causes pain
  30. Prehn’s sign · Epididymo-orchitis → El­evation & support of scrotum relieves pain(not in torsion)
  31. Puddle sign · Ascites → Small amount (150-500 ml)
  32. Pemberton’s sign · Retrosternal thyroid
  33. Pointing sign · Appendicitis → Site of maximum pain
  34. Panda sign (Raccoon sign) · Trauma/fracture of floor of anterior fossa of skull (black eye)
  35. Argyll Robertson pupil sign · Neurosyphilis → Light reflex lost accommodation reflex retained
  36. Banana sign · Arnold-Chiari deformity (Hydrocepalus)
  37. Bird’s sign · Hydatid disease of lung → Definite zone of dullness
  38. Boston’s sign · [Von Graefis sign] → Thyrotoxicosis → Lid lag
  39. Bent inner tube sign · Sigmoid volvulus
  40. Bird of Prey sign · Barium enema → Sigmoid volvulus
  41. Carman’s sign · [Meniscus sign] → Gastric ulcer
  42. Chilaiditis sign · Interposition of colon between liver and diaphragm
  43. Coiled spring sign · Barium enema → Intussusception
  44. Colon cut off sign · Appendicular perforation
    · Acute pancreatitis
  45. Cupola sign · Pneumoperitoneum → Gas under diaphragm
  46. Crow foot sign · Mercedes Benz sign, Seagull’s sign → Gall stones
  47. Claw sign · Ileo-colic intuscesception
  48. Coffee bean sign · Volvulus of sigmoid colon
  49. Double bubble sign · Duodenal obstruction (atresia)
  50. Tinel’s sign · Prognostic indicator of nerve recovery
  51. Echo sign · Percussion sound heard over hydatid cyst
  52. ‘E’ sign (Reverse 3 sign) · Coarctation of aorta (barium swallow)
  53. Figure of 3 Sign · Coarctation of aorta (chest x-ray)
  54. Frostberg’s sign · Barium study → CA of head of pancreas involving duodenum
  55. Kanavey’s sign · Acute pancreatitis (kanavel sign = Tenosynovitis)
  56. Hamman’s sign · Pneumo mediastinitis with esophageal rupture → Precordial crunching
  57. Kernig’s sign · Meningitis
  58. String sign of Kantor · Barium enema → Crohn’s disease
  59. Lemon sign · Arnold Chiari deformity → Scalloping of frontal bones
  60. Oliver’s sign · Tracheal tug → Aneurysm of aorta
  61. Omega sign · Sigmoid volulus
  62. Panda sign · Raccoon sign (Black eye) Trauma, fracture of floor of the anterior fossa of skull
  63. Rat tail sign · Esophageal carcinoma
  64. Trail’s sign · Sternal head of sternomastoid muscle will become prominent on the side to which trachea is deviated
  65. Trousseau’s sign · Hypocalcemia → Carpo pedal spasm
    · CA pancreas → Migrat­ing superficial thrombophle­bills
  66. Water lily sign · Hydatid cyst of the lung
  67. Rovsing sign · Acute appendicitis → When left iliac fossa is pressed, pain is felt in right iliac fossa
  68. Stellwag’s sign · Grave’s → Staring look
  69. Slip sign · Lipoma
  70. Suzmann’s sign · Coarctation of aorta
  71. Von Graefe’s sign · Grave’s → Lagging of upper lid
  72. Tea pot sign · CSF rhinorrhea
  73. Jackson sign · Pooling of saliva in pyriform fossa in pyriform cancer fossa
    ORTHOPEDICS
  74. Sagging rope sign · Perthe’s disease
  75. Finger in Ballon sign · Aneurysmal bone cyst
  76. Brim sign · Page’s disease involving pelvis
  77. Tripod sign · None paralytic polio
  78. Sectoral · AVN of femoral head
  79. Phalen Dickson sign · Spondylolisthesis
  80. Ludloff sign · Lesser trochanter avulsion
  81. Kanavel sign · Infection of ulnar bursa
  82. Martorell sign · Gout
  83. Aneurysmal sign · TB spine
  84. Sulcus sign · Inferior disclocation of shoulder
  85. Wilson sign · Osteo chondritis sign
  86. Payrs sign · Meniscal sign
  87. Galleazi/Alli sign · CDH
  88. Trethovan sign · Slipped capital femoral epiphysis
    · Steels metaphyseal blanch sign
  89. Vascular sign of Narath · Posterior dislocation of hip
  90. Catterall sign · Leg calve perthe disease
  91. Hot cross bun sign · Rickets
    ENT SIGNS
  92. Congenital syphilis · Hennebert sign
  93. Furuncle of ear · Tragal sign
  94. Hematoma of pinna · Cauliflower ear, wrestler’s ear
  95. Diffuse otitis externa · Swimmer’s ear, tropical ear, Singapore ear
  96. ASOM · Cartwheel appearance, light house sign
  97. Lateral sinus thrombo­phlebitis · Hectic type picket fence fever, Delta sign in CT contrast
    · Griesenger sign – obstruction of mastoid emissiary veins, Crowbeck sign
  98. Acute mastioditis · Reservoir sign
  99. Meniere’s disease · Diplacusis, Tullio phenom­enon,
    · Metz recruitment phenom­enon,

· Tumarken crisis (macula destruction-linear balance is lost)

  1. Otosclerosis · Schwartz sign (flamingo pink TM) Carhart notch
  2. Glomus tumor · Brown sign, rising sun appear­ance, Phleps sign on CECT
  3. Acoustic neuroma · Hitselberger sign
  4. Exostosis · Surfer’s ear
  5. Chronic hypertrophic rhinitis · Mulberry turbinate
  6. Rhinosporidiosis · Mulberry mucosa
  7. Rhinophyma · Potato nose
  8. Rhinoscleroma · Hard woody nose
    · Russel bodies, Mikulicz cells
  9. Antrochoanal polyp · Crescent sign/ Dot sign
  10. Frontal mucocele · Egg shell crackling
  11. Osteomyelitis of frontal sinus · Potts puffy tumor
  12. Blow out # of orbit · Tear drop appearance
  13. Nasal # · Pignose deformity
  14. CSF rhinorrhea · Halo sign, target sign,reservoir sign, double ring sign
  15. Adenoid cystic carcinoma · Swiss cheese pattern
  16. Inverted papilloma of Nose · Schnederian papilloma/ Ringert’s tumor
  17. Nasopharyngeal
    Angiofibroma

· Holman Miller sign/ Antral sign on CT frog like facies

  1. Nasopharyngeal
    Carcinoma

· Lhermitte’s sign

  1. Quinsy · Hot potato voice
  2. Ludwig angina · Woody feel
  3. Kawasaki disease · Strawberry tongue
  4. Wegener’s Gra nulomatosis · Strawberry gingiva
  5. Zenker’s diverticulum · Boyce sign
  6. Laryngomalacia · Curled up, omega shaped
    · Epiglottis

· Prominent arytenoids

· Floppy aryepiglottic fold

  1. Acute epiglottitis · Thumb sign on X-ray, rising sun appearance
  2. Phonesthesia · Key hole appearance (both transverse and interarytenoid)
  3. TB larynx · Pseudoedema of vocal cords
    · Mamillated arytenoids (swol­len)

· Turban epiglottis

· Mouse nibbled ulcers

OBSTETRICS

  1. Chadwick’s sign/ · Bluish hue to the vestibule and
  2. Jacquemier’s sign · anterior vaginal wall (Jack bluein titanic!)
  3. Osiander’s sign · Pulsations in the lateral fornix (0 = P)
  4. Palmer’s sign · Regular rhythmic contractions in uterus → 6 8 weeks
  5. Piskacek’s sign · Asymmetric growth occurs to the uterus in initial stages of pregnancy due to thelateral implantation of the blastocyst
  6. Goodell sign · Marked softening of the cervix (good and soft)
  7. Von F’ernwald’s sign · Irregular softening and enlarge­ment of the uterine F’undus Five (5-8 weeks)
  8. Hegar sign · An indication of pregnancy. Softening of the lower parts of the uterus enables approxima­tion of vaginal and abdominal fingers in bimanual pelvic examination.
  9. Ladin’s sign · Softening in the mid line of the sterus anteriorly at the junc­tion of the uterus andcervix (6 weeks gestation)
  10. McDonald sign · Flexible uterus =8 weeks (McDonalds = flexible price)
  11. Banana sign /Lemon sign · Ultrasound sign in open spina bifida. Shows abnormal ante­rior curvature of cerebellum due to the associated Arnold­Chiari malformation.
  12. Blob sign · Mass is separate from the ovary
  13. Bagel sign (Tubal ring sign) · Ectopic pregnancy → Gestational sac in the adnexa with hyperechoic ring. (also remember salpingitis isthmica nodosa)
  14. Bishop’s sign · Abdominal ectopic pregnancy
  15. Interstitial line sign · Interstitial ectopic pregnancy
  16. Danforth sign · Shoulder pain in ruptured ec­topic
  17. Bathroom sign · Blood in pouch of Douglas → in ruptured ectopic
  18. Cullen sign · Bluish discoloration of skin around umbilicus. Seen in ruptured ectopic pregnancy
  19. Stallworthy’s sign · Posterior placenta praevia→ Slowing of fetal heart rate on pressing the head down into the pelvis and prompt. Recovery on release of pressure.
  20. Kustner’s sign · Sign of placental separation. On pushing the uterus upwards does not move the cord with it (due to the separation)
  21. Schroder’s sign · Placental separation. Uterus rises up when the separated placenta ispassed downwards
  22. Robert’s sign · Earliest sign of intrauterine fetal death. X-ray shows presence of gas in the fetal great vessels
  23. Spalding sign · Sign of intrauterine fetal death. Overlapping of skull bones after fetal death(USG)
  24. Ball sign · Sign of intrauterine fetal death. X-ray shows crumpled up spine of the fetus
  25. Double decidual sac sign · USG appearance of intrauterine gestational sac
  26. T’ sign · USG sign seen in monochromic twins
  27. USG sign seen in monochromic twins · USG sign seen in dichorionic pregnancies. Due to the cho­rionic tissue in between the two layers of the membrane between the twins
  28. Stuck twin sign · Seen in twin to twin transfusion syndrome. Due to the severe oligohydramnios smaller twin is held in a fixed position along the uterine wall. This is called stuck twin sign.
    DERMATOLOGY
  29. Hunterian chancre · primary syphilis
  30. Ollendorf sign · secondary syphilis
  31. Moth eaten alopecia · secondary syphilis
  32. Kassowitz law, Pseudoparalysis of parrot, Moons molars, Cluttons joints, sabre tibia · Congenital syphilis
  33. Esthiomene, Groove sign · LGV
  34. Onycholysis, oil drop sign, sub unga I hvperkeratosis, Pencil in cup deformity, Munroe microabscesses, Candle grease sign, Grattage test, Ingram regimen

· Psoriasis

  1. Wickhams striae, Civatte bodies, Koebners phenomenon, Band infiltrate, Pterygium · Lichen Planus
  2. Christmas fir tree appearance, Herald pattern, Cigarette paper like scales, Collarette of scales · Pityriasis rosea
  3. Dennie Morgan fold,Head light sign · Atopic dermatitis
  4. Cradle crap · Infantile seborrheic dermatitis
  5. Nikolsky sign, Asboe Hansen sign, Row of tombstones, Chicken wire appearance, Fish net appearance · Pemphigus Vulgaris
  6. Dermatitis Herpetiforrnis · Duhrings disease
  7. Orentriech sign (Tonsure alopecia) · Trichotillomania
  8. Plucked chicken skin appearance, Angioid streaks · Psudox­anthoma elasticurn
  9. Casals necklace, Cravat · Pellagra
  10. Lesar Trelat sign · Seborrhoeic keratosis
  11. Nevus of O’ta · O’cular
  12. Nevus of I’to · I’ntercostal
  13. Stroke bite, Angels kiss · Salmon patch
  14. Pautriers micro abscesses, Epidermotropism · Mycosis fun­goides
  15. Crowd sign, Patrick Yesudian sign · Neurofibromatosis
  16. Shagreen patches, Angiomyolipoma, Periungal fibroma (Koenen tumors), Ash leaf macules · Tuberous sclerosis

SIGNS IN MEDICINE.. How many you remeber 😅

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