COVID-19: Guidelines on disinfection of common public places including offices Scope: This document aims to provide interim guidance about the environmental cleaning decontamination of common public places including offices in areas reporting COVID-19.
Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID -19) is an acute respiratory disease caused by a novel Coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2), transmitted in most instances through respiratory droplets, direct contact with cases and also through contaminated surfaces/objects. Though the virus survives on environmental surfaces for varied period of time, it gets easily inactivated by chemical disinfectants.
In view of the above, the following guidelines are to be followed, especially in areas reporting COVID-19. For ease of implementation the guideline divided these areas into (i) indoor areas, (ii) outdoor areas and (iii) public toilets.
1. Indoor areas including office spaces
Office spaces, including conference rooms should be cleaned every evening after office hours or early in the morning before the rooms are occupied. If contact surface is visibly dirty, it should be cleaned with soap and water prior to disinfection. Prior to cleaning, the worker should wear disposable rubber boots, gloves (heavy duty), and a triple layer mask.
Start cleaning from cleaner areas and proceed towards dirtier areas.
All indoor areas such as entrance lobbies, corridors and staircases, escalators, elevators, security guard booths, office rooms, meeting rooms, cafeteria should be mopped with a disinfectant with 1% sodium hypochlorite or phenolic disinfectants. The guidelines for
preparing fresh 1% sodium hypochlorite solution is at Annexure I
High contact surfaces such elevator buttons, handrails / handles and call buttons,
escalatorhandrails, public counters, intercom systems, equipment like telephone, printers/scanners, and other office machines should be cleaned twice daily by mopping with a linen/absorbable cloth soaked in 1% sodium hypochlorite.Frequently touched areas like table tops, chair handles, pens, diary files, keyboards, mouse, mouse pad, tea/coffee dispensing machines etc. should specially be cleaned.
For metallic surfaces like door handles, security locks, keys etc. 70% alcohol can be used to wipe down surfaces where the use of bleach is not suitable.
Hand sanitizing stations should be installed in office premises (especially at the entry) and near high contact surfaces.
In a meeting/conference/office room, if someone is coughing, without following respiratory etiquettes or mask, the areas around his/her seat should be vacated and cleaned with 1% sodium hypochlorite.
Carefully clean the equipment used in cleaning at the end of the cleaning process.
Remove PPE, discard in a disposable PPE in yellow disposable bag and wash hands with
soap and water.
In addition, all employees should consider cleaning the work area in front of them with a disinfecting wipe prior to use and sit one seat further away from others, if possible
2. Outdoor areas
Outdoor areas have less risk then indoor areas due to air currents and exposure to sunlight. These include bus stops, railway platforms, parks, roads, etc. Cleaning and disinfection efforts should be targeted to frequently touched/contaminated surfaces as already detailed above.
3. Public toilets
Sanitary workers must use separate set of cleaning equipment for toilets (mops, nylon scrubber) and separate set for sink and commode). They should always wear disposable protective gloves while cleaning a toilet.
Agents / Toilet cleaner
Toilet pot/ commode
Sodium hypochlorite 1%/ detergent
Soap powder / long handle angular brush
• Inside of toilet pot/commode:
• Scrub with the recommended agents and the long
handle angular brush.
• Outside: clean with recommended agents; use a
Nylon scrubber and soap powder/detergent
1% Sodium Hypochlorite
• Wet and scrub with soap powder and the nylon scrubber inside and outside.
• Wipe with 1% Sodium Hypochlorite
Soap powder /detergent and scrubbing brush/ nylon broom
1% Sodium Hypochlorite
• Scrub floor with soap powder and the scrubbing brush
• Wash with water
• Use sodium hypochlorite1% dilution
Soap powder / detergent and nylon scrubber
1% Sodium Hypochlorite
• Scrub with the nylon scrubber.
• Wipe with 1% sodium hypochlorite
Showers area / Taps and fittings
Warm water Detergent powder Nylon Scrubber 1% Sodium Hypochlorite/ 70% alcohol
• Thoroughly scrub the floors/tiles with warm water and detergent
• Wipe over taps and fittings with a damp cloth and detergent.
• Care should be taken to clean the underside of taps and fittings.
• Wipe with 1% sodium hypochlorite/ 70% alcohol
Detergent and water
• Should be cleaned daily with detergent and water and dried.
70% Alcohol can be used to wipe down surfaces where the use of bleach is not suitable, e.g. metal. (Chloroxylenol (4.5-5.5%)/ Benzalkonium Chloride or any other disinfectants found to be effective against coronavirus may be used as per manufacturer’s instructions)
Always use freshly prepared 1% sodium hypochlorite.
Do not use disinfectants spray on potentially highly contaminated areas (such as toilet bowl or surrounding surfaces) as it may create splashes which can further spread the virus.
To prevent cross contamination, discard cleaning material made of cloth (mop and wiping cloth) in appropriate bags after cleaning and disinfecting. Wear new pair of gloves and fasten the bag.
Disinfect all cleaning equipment after use and before using in other area
Disinfect buckets by soaking in bleach solution or rinse in hot water
4. Personal Protective Equipment (PPE): Wear appropriate PPE which would include the following while carrying out cleaning and disinfection work.
Wear disposable rubber boots, gloves (heavy duty), and a triple layer mask
Gloves should be removed and discarded damaged, and a new pair worn.
All disposable PPE should be removed and discarded after cleaning activities are
Hands should be washed with soap and water immediately after each piece of PPE is
removed, following completion of cleaning. (Refer to Annexure II: Steps of Hand Hygiene)
Masks are effective if worn according to instructions and properly fitted. Masks should be discarded and changed if they become physically damaged or soaked. (Annexure-III: Guidelines for use of mask)
Guidelines for Preparation of 1% sodium hypochlorite solution
Sodium hypochlorite – liquid bleach
1 part bleach to 2.5 parts water
Sodium hypochlorite – liquid
1 part bleach to 4 parts water
NaDCC (sodium dichloro- isocyanurate) powder
17 grams to 1 litre water
NaDCC (1.5 g/ tablet) – tablets
11 tablets to 1 litre water
Chloramine – powder
80 g to 1 litre water
7g g to 1 litre water
As per manufacturer’s Instructions
Steps of Hand Hygiene
Guidelines for use of mask
The correct procedure of wearing triple layer surgical mask
1. Perform hand hygiene
2. Unfold the pleats; make sure that they are facing down.
3. Place over nose, mouth and chin.
4. Fit flexible nose piece over nose bridge.
5. Secure with tie strings (upper string to be tied on top of head above the ears –lower string
at the back of the neck.)
6. Ensure there are no gaps on either side of the mask, adjust to fit.
7. Do not let the mask hanging from the neck.
8. Change the mask after six hours or as soon as they become wet.
9. Disposable masks are never to be reused and should be disposed off.
10. While removing the mask great care must be taken not to touch the potentially infected
outer surface of the mask
11. To remove mask first untie the string below and then the string above and handle the
mask using the upper strings.
12. Disposal of used masks: Used mask should be considered as potentially infected medical
waste. Discard the mask in a closed bin immediately after use.