COVID PROTOCOL*

  

MILD

MODERATE

SEVERE

Clinical Criteria

SPO2

> 94 % in Room Air

90 – 94 % in Room Air

< 90 % in Room Air

RR

< 24 / min

24 – 30

> 30

No Pneumonia

Pneumonia +

Pneumonia ++

CT Chest Criteria

Normal or < 25 %

25 % – 75 %

75 % to 100 %

Grade I

Grade II / III

Grade IV

Laboratory Findings (Expected)

NLR1,2

< 3.2

> 3.2

> 5.5

CRP3

< 40

40 – 125

> 125

Ferritin2

< 500

> 500

> 800

D-Dimer4

< 0.5

> 0.5

> 1.0

LDH

< 300

300 – 400

> 400

IL6

< 4.8

5 – 50

> 80

LFT5

Normal

Slight Derangement

Moderate Derangement

Treatment

Routine

 

T. Paracetamol 500 mg TDS

T. Paracetamol 500 mg TDS

T. Paracetamol 500 mg TDS

Anti-tussives SOS

Anti-tussives SOS

Anti-tussives SOS

T. Vitamin C 500 mg OD

T. Vitamin C 500 mg BD

T. Vitamin C 500 mg BD

T. Zinc 50 mg BD

T. Zinc 50 mg BD

T. Zinc 50 mg BD

C. Omeprazole 20 mg BD

C. Omeprazole 20 mg BD

Inj. Pantoprazole 40 mg IV OD

Fluids

Adequate Hydration – Oral

Adequate Hydration – NS

Conservative Fluids

HCQ

(Not prescribed routinely)

T. HCQ (In high risk patients – DM / HT / CVA / CKD / CLD / Obesity / Age > 60 yrs) Day 1 – 400 mg BD Followed by 400 mg OD x 4 Days

(avoid in cardiac disease or if QTc > 480 ms) – MOHFW Guidelines

T. HCQ (In high risk patients – DM / HT / CVA / CKD / CLD / Obesity / Age > 60 yrs)
Day 1 – 400 mg BD

Followed by 400 mg OD x 4 Days
(avoid in cardiac disease or if QTc > 480 ms) – MOHFW Guidelines

Antibiotics

 

T. Azithromycin 500 mg OD x 5 Days (or)
T. AmoxClav 625 BD if T. Azithromycin is

T. Azithromycin 500 mg OD x 5 Days
+

T. Azithromycin 500 mg OD x 5 Days
+
Inj. Piptaz 4.5 mg/ Inj meropenam 500mg IV TDS if

COVID PROTOCOL*

 

Contraindicated and Elderly > 60 yrs.

Inj. Ceftriaxone 1 gm IV BD if secondary bacterial infection suspected

secondary bacterial infection suspected

Anticoagulation

Inj. Enoxaparin 40 mg SC OD x 5 Days (can be started as prophylactic without D DIMER)

(Contraindicated in ESRD, active bleeding, emergency surgery, platelets < 20,000/mm3, BP > 200/120) Inj. Dalteparin 2500 IU SC OD ×5 days

In ESRD, UH – 5000U SC BD can be used

Inj. Enoxaparin 40 mg SC BD x 5 Days (can be started as prophylactic without D DIMER) (Contraindicated in ESRD, active bleeding, emergency surgery, platelets < 20,000/mm3, BP > 200/120) Inj. Dalteparin 5000 IU SC OD × 5 day In ESRD, UH – 5000U SC BD can be used

Steroids

Inj. Dexamethasone 0.1 – 0.2 mg /kg ≈ 6 mg IV OD x 5 Days
or
inj. Methyl Prednisolone 0.5 -1 mg/kg ≈ 60mg x 5 Days

Inj. Dexamethasone 0.2 – 0.4 mg /kg ≈ 6 mg IV BD x 10 Days
or
inj. Methyl Prednisolone 1.0 -2.0 mg/kg ≈ 80 mg x 10 Days

Oxygen Support

Not Required

Maintain Target SPo2 of 92 to 96 %

Nasal Prongs (4 lit / min) ↓
Face Mask (5-10 lit / min) ↓

NRM (10 -15 lit / min) ↓
HFNC (10 – 40 lit / min) ↓

CPAP (TV 6ml/kg; PEEP 5-15 cm H20; Target PP 30 cm H20)

Maintain Target SPo2 > 90 %

NRM (10 -15 lit / min) ↓
HFNC (10 – 60 lit / min) ↓

CPAP (TV 6ml/kg; PEEP 5-15 cm H20; Target PP 30 cm H20)

MV (ARDS Protocol)

Proning

Awake Proning (if > 4 L / min)
– 30 to 120 mins prone
– 30 to 120 mins left lateral
– 30 to 120 mins right lateral – 30 to 120 mins upright

– Contraindicated in altered mental status and hemodynamic instability, pregnancy

Prone Ventilation 16 to 18 hrs / Day

Cytokine Storm

Inj. Toculizumab 400 mg (max 800 mg) slow IV in 100 ml NS over 1 Hour
Repeat Dose after 12 hours if needed

COVID PROTOCOL*

  

 

Contra Indications – Active Infections, TB, Hepatitis, Platelets < 1L/mm3, ANC < 2000/mm3

COMORBIDITY AND COMPLICATIONS

Comorbidity

CAD, HT, DM, Hypothyroid, Epilepsy

Treat Appropriately

Treat Appropriately

Treat Appropriately

Complications

Septic Shock
AKI, MODS Delirium Electrolytes
ECG- abnormalities Stress Ulcers Liver Dysfunction

Treat Appropriately

Treat Appropriately

Treat Appropriately

  

Trial Therapies

1

Inj. Remdesivir
200mg IV OD on Day 1 and 100 mg IV OD x 4 Days Contraindication – Liver Dysfunction/ CKD / Pregnancy / Lactation / Children
DI – avoid HCQ, Dexa use Methyl Prednisolone

2

Convalescent Plasma 200 ml slow IV
Single Dose

3

(Lopinavir 400 mg + Ritonavir 100 mg) Twice Daily x 14 Days Suspended by WHO wef 4.7.20.

4

(Lopinavir 400 mg + Ritonavir 100 mg) Twice Daily x 14 Days
+

Interferon Beta 8 Million IU on Alternate Days x 3 Doses

MONITORING

BP / HR

Daily

6th Hourly

4th Hourly

RR / WOB /spO2

 

6th Hourly

2nd Hourly

Continuously

* based on clinical management protocol, Covid 19 – MOHFW GOI dt 03.07.20

Bibiliography

1. Minping et al., doi:

2. Chuan Qin et al., doi:

3. Ruan Q et al.,

4. Zhou et al.,

5.

https://doi.org/10.1093/cid/ciaa248

COVID PROTOCOL*

 

CBC / NLR / RFT / LFT

Baseline

Every 2 Days

Daily

COVID Profile

Baseline

Once every 4 days

Once every 2 days

D Dimer

Repeated 4th day

Once every 4 days

Once every 2 days

ECG

Baseline

Once every 2 days

Daily

ABG

Daily

X Ray

If Clinical Deterioration

DISCHARGE CRITERIA

Afebrile > 3 Days without antipyretics +
No Breathlessnes

Afebrile > 3 Days without antipyretics
+
No Breathlessnes

Afebrile > 3 Days without antipyretics
+
No Breathlessnes

10 Days from Symptom Onset

10 Days from Symptom Onset

Clinical Recovery

No O2 Requirement for 3 Days

RT-PCR not Required

RT-PCR not Required

Repeat RT-PCR if Swab Negative Transfer to Non Covid Care Ward – if clinical recovery is delayed

POST DISCHARGE ADVICE

 

Isolation + Self Monitoring for 7 Days

Isolation + Self Monitoring for 7 Days

Isolation + Self Monitoring for 7 Days

10.21203/rs.3.rs-28850/v1

 

doi: 10.1007/s00134-020-05991-x

doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30566-3

Zhang et al., doi.org/10.1016/S2468-1253(20)30057-1

One comment

  1. meathyd · · Reply

    Article is not in proper format. Can not refer properly. Please reformat tables & intimate

    Like

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