Guidelines for Quarantine facilities COVID-19

 

The purpose of this document is to provide interim guidance for setting up of quarantine facilities

1

Guidelines for Quarantine facilities

 

Topic Contents

Page No.

Introduction

3

Evaluation of Potential Sites

4

Risk assessment of the quarantine facility

5

Securing Entry and Exit points
Human resource Deployment, training, IEC, Clinical

Examination and referral

6 7

 

Coordination, Recording, Monitoring and Supervision, Prevention Control (IPC) measures, Catering, Laundry and other related activities, Biomedical waste (BMW) management

8

Logistic management, IEC, sampling, Discharge , Terminal Disinfection

 

10-12

Daily Reporting format-Annex1

 

13

 

SOPs for medical personnel-Annex 2

14

 

SOPs for nursing staff-Annex 3

15

 

SOPs for movement of staff-Annex 4

16

 

SOPs for security staff-Annex 5

17

 

Supplies for the quarantine facility-Annex 6

18

HR for quarantine facility- Annex7

 

19

 

SoPs for screening of personnel entering quarantine facility- Annex 8

20

SoPs for Disinfection-Annex 9

 

21

 

Guidelines for Biomedical waste management-Annex 10

28

 

Guidelines for facility incharge and quarantine people at the time of discharge-Annex 11

32

 

Checklist for Establishing a Quarantine facility

 

35

2

1.0. Introduction

Quarantine is the separation and restriction of movement or activities of persons who are not ill but who are believed to have been exposed to infection, for the purpose of preventing transmission of diseases. Persons are usually quarantined in their homes, but they may also be quarantined in community-based facilities.

Quarantine can be applied to

• An individual or to a group of persons who are exposed at a large public gathering or to persons believed exposed on a conveyance during international travel.

• A wider population- or geographic-level basis.
Examples of this application include the closing of local or community borders or erection of a barrier around a geographic area (cordon sanitaire) with strict enforcement to prohibit movement into and out of the area.
The purpose of this document is to provide guidelines for setting up of quarantine facilities during the current COVID-19 outbreak.
The recommended duration of quarantine for Covid-19 based on available information is upto 14 days from the time of exposure.
The purpose of quarantine during the current outbreak is to reduce transmission by

• Separating contacts of COVID-19 patients from community

• Monitoring contacts for development of sign and symptoms of COVID-19, and

• Segregation of COVID-19 suspects, as early as possible from among other quarantined persons
The scope of this document is to cover the procedures required for

• Physical infrastructure/Functional Services requirement at quarantine facilities

• Procedure for medical monitoring of contacts, reporting formats

• Protocol for referrals of suspects/ Symptomatics and isolation of
symptomatics if required temporarily

• Infection control practices by medical personnel, supporting staffs and catering staffs etc.

3

2.0. Evaluation of potential sites for facility-based quarantine is important for preparedness planning (Checklist at Annexure-11).

Requirements for Quarantine facility in a community-based facility is as under

1. Location:

• preferably placed in the outskirt of the urban/ city area (can be a hostel/unused health facilities/buildings, etc.)

• away from the people’s reach, crowded and populated area

• well protected and secured (preferably by security personnel/
army)

• preferably should have better approachability to a tertiary hospital facility having critical care and isolation facility

2. Access considerations

• Parking space including Ambulances etc.

• Ease of access for delivery of food/medical/other supplies

• Differently-abled Friendly facilities (preferably)

3. Ventilation capacity: Well ventilated preferably natural

4. Basic infrastructure/functional requirements:

• Rooms/Dormitory separated from one another may be preferable with in-house capacity of 5-10 beds/room

• Each bed to be separated 1-2 meters (minimum 1 metre) apart from all sides.

• Lighting, well-ventilation, heating, electricity, ceiling fan

• Potable water to be available

• Functional telephone system for providing communications.

• Support services- fooding, snacks, recreation areas including television

• Laundry services

• Sanitation services/Cleaning and House keeping

• Properly covered bins as per BMW may be placed

5. Space requirements for the facility:

• Administrative offices- Main control room/clerical room

• Logistics areas/Pharmaceutical rooms

4

• Rest rooms- doctors/nurses/supporting staffs

• Clinical examination room/ nursing station / Sampling area

• Laundry facilities (on- or off-site)

• Mess/Meal preparation (on- or off-site)

• Holding area for contaminated waste

• Wash room/Bathroom/Toilet

6. Social support resources/ Recreational areas

• Television and radio / Reading materials/ indoor plays
7. Monitoring the health of contacts: During that period, contacts should be

monitored at least daily for fever and respiratory symptoms.

2.2. Standard operating Procedures: To ensure smooth operation in the quarantine facility, the standard Operative procedures (SOPs) needs to be framed as under

• Daily monitoring surveillance using the daily reporting format (annex 1)

• Fever triage/ Isolation

• Case and contact monitoring and response

• Transfers of suspect/symptomatic to designated hospital (through ambulances)

• Public information

• Provider information (SOPs)

• medical personnel (annex 2),

• nursing staff (annex 3),

• movement of health personnel and support staff (annex 4) and

• security staff (annex 5)
Functional flow should be maintained to reduce/minimise the interactions between quarantine people and healthcare professionals/supporting staffs so that transmission of disease is prevented and controlled

3.0. Risk assessment of the quarantine facility

The risk level refers to how likely it is that someone in the Quarantine camp will become infected with corona virus as a result of movements and activities performed in the Quarantine camp.

Risk assessment includes identification of the biohazard risk precaution levels, along with its associated activities. The risk level refers to how

5

likely it is that someone in the Quarantine camp will become infected with corona virus as a result of procedures performed in the Quarantine camp. Areas were sagregated and labeled as:

Low risk areas: Areas having less direct contact with evacuee suspects such as control room center in the quarantine center, nursing station and areas of kitchen where food is cooked.

Moderate risk areas: Moderate risk areas are where infectious aerosols are generated from areas where the suspects were inhabiting in their bed linen, pillows and nearby clothes; low concentration of infectious particles. Contaminated surface near the quarantine zones.

High risk areas (containment Quarantine camp): Areas where direct dealing with the suspects are as under

Medical examination room, sample collection areas( high concentration of infectious particles while coughing, sneezing, gag reflex during nasopharangeal & oropharangeal sample collection). Toilet and bathroom areas, dining areas, areas of bio-waste collections, segregation and disposal.

Based on risk assessment, areas should be earmarked and infection prevention control measures to be applied as per MOHFW guidelines.

4.0 Securing Entry and Exit points

• In order to prevent and control infection in the facility, strategic points in the facility needs to be identified including

• The Control room where a person entering inside quarantined building to get proper awareness and training on infection control measures,

• A well informed and trained security to check (main entrance gate of the area) and a guard (24*7) with registers for ins and outs and a designated nursing officer for checking proper PPE wear (main entrance gate in the building)

• The international biohazard warning symbol and sign to be displayed on the doors of the rooms where suspects are kept, BMW management areas,samples of higher risk groups are handled

6

• Only authorized & trained persons or those designated in work areas to permitted to enter the quarantine areas;

• Doors to keep closed at all times preferably under observation of a guard.

• There should be double door entry was managed with only one door to be open at a single time.
5.0 . Human resource Deployment: In the quarantine facility, Chief Medical officer needs to be appointed as In-charge /nodal officer for overall coordination and supervision of the quarantine center. Services of General duty medical doctors, Medicine specialists, Pediatrics, Microbiologist (for diagnostic support and IPC), Psychiatrists & Psychologists are required for routine examination and relevant clinical care of the quarantined people. Para-medics including Staff Nurse and Lab. Technician, Pharmacist need to be posted. Public health specialist are required for monitoring public health aspects of the facility while services of clinical microbiologist are required for sample collection, packaging and infection prevention & control practices. House keeping staff also need to be deployed.
6.0 Training – Training is the most important and critical part to ensure that all activities takes place as per established protocol and SOPs, training of health care professionals and other relevant staffs was undertaken initially. Training of medical officers on SOPs needs to be followed at Quarantine centers for daily examination, movements in the facility, infection prevention control measures and use of PPE kit etc.
Training of clinicians, laboratory technicians and medics needs to be undertaken on appropriate sample collection (nasopharyngeal and throat) and triple layer packaging with cold chain maintenance.
Paramedical staffs i.e., staff nurses; medics, pharmacist etc. needs to be trained on SOPs to be followed at Quarantine centers and use of PPE kit. Staff undertaking the work in Laundry, Mess/Canteen, security and other related staff i.e., drivers, general duty staff etc. needs to be trained on use of mask, gloves , cleaning and disinfection procedures and use of PPE kit, etc.
Refresher training or regular direction to all the above staffs needs to be provided as on need basis. During the quarantine period as and when new staff was posted, it needs to be ensured that he/she received proper training before undertaking the work. It is to emphasized that all activities / procedures must be done under strict monitoring/observations of trained specialists.
7.0 . Daily Clinical Examination and referral – All quarantined people needs to be examined twice (morning & evening) daily clinically and those requiring

7

referrals for related symptoms of Corona virus (fever, cough, sore throat, breathlessness etc.) or any other reason needs to be referred to designated hospital in ambulance directly with due precautions as per referral SOP. Ambulances need to be placed in the facility in standby mode for transport including advanced lifesaving ambulance.

Daily census of the people needs to be undertaken twice a day (ex. Morning 8 am and evening 6 pm).

8.0 Coordination– Chief medical officer needs to supervise and coordinate with various organizations working with the facility. To ensure all activities take place according to standard protocol, separate teams were constituted for various purposes- Supervisory team, admin team, logistic team, referral team, medicine / equipment team, hygiene sanitation team.

Daily review meetings needs to be conducted under chairmanship of Chief medical officer to discuss day to day affairs and sort out any issue requiring attention.
24*7 control room needs to be established at the facility with monitor for CCTV cameras and speakers at each floor so that quarantined people can be communicated on routine basis and necessary instructions can be provided.

9.0 Recording and reporting mechanisms- To ensure standardized reporting, daily reporting formats of suspected cases with symptoms related to corona virus, no. of cases requiring referral, sample collection status needs to designed (as per annexure 1). It needs to be sent daily to relevant higher authorities.

10.0 Monitoring and Supervision – Daily monitoring visit needs to be conducted inside quarantine facility and outside the facility in the surrounding campus by

public health and incharge officers and gaps to be noted. Necessary corrective actions and preventive actions to be taken by the nodal officer. Visits also given by senior officers from for regular review.

11.0 Establishment of Infection Prevention Control (IPC) measures – As per risk assessment was undertaken with respect to probability of infection from possibly infected quarantine people to health care, other staffs and surrounding areas. Special map of the facility needs to be prepared to outline the details of movement of health care and other personnel around the quarantine area and in the building. It need to be ensured that movement of health care staffs and other personnel to undertake as per the designed map to prevent and control infections.

Separate fence needs to be raised around the building to prevent entry of animals especially dogs, monkeys and even birds if possible.

8

Well informed and trained security personnel needs to be deployed all around the building on 24*7 rotation basis to monitor the facility and to avoid entry of un- desired persons/animals and even birds for eating any food remains/droppings inside the area.

To ensure that all health care personnel use PPE as per guidelines, they need to be properly trained and assisted during wearing of PPE. Separate areas to be earmarked for PPE Donning and Doffing. Compliance for same to be ensured by nodal officer.

Separate well informed and trained nursing officers need to be stationed at the building to regulate the movement of the staffs entering the facility. He/ She should be assigned the duty that every person entering the facility enters in the register of all the details on time of name, designation entry/exit. Nursing officer to ensure that all the persons are labeled while entering the building so that they can be identified by security staff. At the entrance, two door entries may be ensured to avoid mixing of quarantine people with health care staff.

It is to be ensured that all the quarantine facility is decontaminated daily (refer to infection prevention control guidelines) with disinfectants (freshly prepared 1% hypochlorite, detergent solution) including surface mopping of all the floor, bathrooms, toilets facility, under side of beds, other related items placed in the rooms of quarantine people .

A separate cubicle for people developing mild symptoms for temporary observation (transit room) may be considered so that it will lead to an early isolation of any symptomatic person and to prevent transmission to other cluster of groups.

12.0 Lodging, Catering, Laundry and other related activities –Disposable and pre-packed food to be needs to be served to quarantined people. All the quarantined people to be kept on separate beds with distance of 1-2 meters with no bed facing opposite to each other. All Beds were having disposable bed sheet that should be changed on daily basis. Personal toiletries/ towel/ blanket/ pillow with covers/electric kettle, room heater and water dispenser may be provided to each person depending on availability.

A separate room needs to be assigned to perform laundry services for cleaning of all the clothes and other washing related activities. Before laundering, all the washable items needs to be placed in 1% hypochlorite up to 30 minutes and later washed in detergent solution.

9

13.0 Biomedical waste (BMW) management- To ensure that biomedical waste management in the facility takes place as per standard guidelines, separate yellow, red /black bags, foot operating dustbins needs to be kept at each floor and outside the facility. It is to strictly ensured that Doffing takes place in the designated area with all the PPE kit including mask, gloves is properly placed in yellow bags. All the health care workers collecting the possible infectious material such as food items, PPE kits from yellow bags should also wear PPE and following the IPC measures. Designated place to be earmarked outside the building for collection of yellow and black bags. It should be collected at least twice daily by biomedical waste management vehicle/any other local established practice.

Site of collection of biomedical waste should be regularly disinfected with freshly prepared 1% hypochlorite solution. All officials concerned with the administration and all other health care workers including medical, paramedical, nursing officers, other paramedical staff and waste handlers such as safaikarmacharis, attendants & Sanitation attendants needs to be well oriented to requirements of handling and management of general and biomedical waste generated at the facility. Steps in the management of biomedical waste include generation, accumulation, handling, storage, treatment, transport and disposal as mentioned in the SOP needs to be followed. Continuous training, monitoring & supervision to monitor the implementation to be done on daily basis to manage compliance related issues. All the generated waste from Quarantine facility to be treated as isolation waste and its disinfection /treatment was strictly monitored by specialists in the health authorities.

14.0 Logistic management- All logistic to be used in quarantine facility i.e., PPE , medical equipments i.e. Thermal thermometer, Stethoscope, BP machine etc., office logistic, sample collection and packaging material, etc.to purchased in advance.

Performa needs to be prepared for daily consumption of PPE, triple layer mask, gloves, etc. and monitored by logistic team on daily basis.

15.0 Information, Education & Communication (IEC) and Psycho-social support – As on arrival, there might be an obvious sense of psychological fear and panic among all the quarantine people and some of the involved stakeholders like health care professionals/staffs including doctors, security personnel etc.. An interpersonal communication needs to made to all of them one after another in groups by Psychiatrist team initially and later on with individual counselling sessions. Quarantine people needs to be explained on Universal infection control

10

measures , personal protective measures, written instructions on Do’s and Don’ts in the quarantine zone to be provided to contain and avoid spread of the infection. Importance of frequent Hand washing specially after touching surfaces like door handles, stair railings, bed railings, etc. to be instructed for strict compliance. Everyday quarantine people to be counseled by clinicians regarding day to day queries. If needed, referral to be made to psychiatrist /psychologist team. If there is fear in the surrounding community it needs to be addressed.

16.0 Sample collection and packaging – For baseline testing, Samples (Nasopharyngeal swab and throat swabs) for COVID-19 need to be collected from all quarantine people & sent with triple layer packaging maintained in

cold chain (2-8oC) to designated laboratory .

Safe collection & handling of specimens in the Quarantine camp needs to be performed in identified locations as per the SOP. Specimen containers generally used are viral transport medim (VTM vials containing 3 ml medium) with falcon tubes (50 ml) as secondary layer of Triple layer packaging system. Containers needs to be correctly labeled to facilitate proper identification. Specimen request or specification forms to be placed in separate waterproof zip pouch envelopes with locking facility and pasted on the outside walls of the sample transport containers (Performa annexure). Just before the end of the 14 days quarantine period, resampling of nasopharyngeal swabs needs to be done.

17.0 Discharge of quarantine people from Quarantine Facility – The quarantine people needs to be discharged at the end of 14 days of incubation period provided samples are negative on resampling. Instructions should be provided to self-monitor their health at their home (home quarantine) for next 14 days and immediately report to their District Surveillance officer (DSO), in case of development of symptoms suggestive of COVID-19. Written instructions were handed over to them individually. The District Surveillance Units (DSO) and State Surveillance Units (SSO) to be provided with contact details of the quarantine people to conduct active surveillance for next 14 days under intimation to the Central Surveillance Unit, IDSP (NCDC).

18.0 Terminal Disinfection and decontamination procedures: Quarantine facility terminal disinfection procedures to be performed as per guidelines. Cleaning/ decontamination to be performed using the proper
personal protective equipment (PPE) and adopting three bucket system as prescribed in the SOP (at attached annexure).

Spraying of 1% sodium hypochlorite working solution (dilution 1:4 from an initial concentration of 4%) to be done on all the surfaces (protecting electrical points/appliances). This was followed by cleaning with a neutral detergent that is used for removing the traces formed by hypochlorite solution. While

11

cleaning, windows need to be opened in order to protect the health of cleaning personnel.
All frequently touched areas, such as all accessible surfaces of walls and windows, the toilet bowl and bathroom surfaces needs to be carefully cleaned. All textiles (e.g. pillow linens, curtains, etc.) should be first treated with 1% hypochlorite spray and then, packed and sent to get washed in laundry using a hot-water cycle (90°C) and adding laundry detergent. 1% hypochlorite solution should also sprayed in the PPE doffing area and discard area twice a day on daily basis. Mattresses / pillows after spraying with 1% hypochlorite should be allowed to get dry (both sides) in bright sunlight for upto 3 hrs each.

12

DAILY REPORTING FORMAT (Daily Clinical Examination)

COVID-19

Name of the Centre: Address:
Centre In Charge: Contact No:

Annex 1

                         

S.no Date of reporting

Census in the Centre (8 AM)

Clinically examined

Suggestive Symptoms like fever, cough, breathing difficulty, other respiratory problems,

etc

Other clinical cases and non 2019- nCoV

Cases referred to designated hospital

Cumulative cases referred to designated hospital

Cases discharged from designated hospital

Cases still admitted at designated hospital

Census in the Centre (8PM)

Remarks

                                                                                                                       

        

FM

FM

FM

FM

FM

FM

                                                                                                

MFMF

                  

13

Annex 2
Standard Operative Producers for medical personnel

There are shift duties of the doctors may be as under

Morning : Afternoon : Night :

800AM to 200 PM
200PM to 800 PM
800PM to 800 AM (next day)

General instructions for medical doctors from designated hospital (s) for performing their duty at Quarantine facility may be as under:

a. The name of the duty officers and duty roster for to be displayed at the control room.

b. Each team to follow the procedure mentioned below:

c. The resident doctors on duty will report to the centre at
the reporting time and mark attendance in the register.

d. After that, they will go to clinical area to examine the
quarantined people in the centre.

e. The doctors on working duty will team up with medical officers from Quarantine facility to form a paired team (one from hospital and another from the Quarantine facility) to examine the cases.

f. They will examine and assess the patients and report to the In-charge of the Quarantine facility.

g. They will take care of the infection control/protective measures while examining the persons and follow guidelines placed at the door for safety/infection control measures.

h. If any symptomatic case/ additional symptoms are observed/ reported, it should be discussed with the In-charge of the Quarantine facility for referral to the designated hospital, if required.

i. They will complete examination of all patients and report before 12 noon on the same day and handover the report to the Office In-charge for onward transmission to the Ministry.

j. They will not leave till the next relieving team arrived.

k. They will hand over this information to the next relieving team.

l. They will leave the Quarantine facility with due permission of In-charge of the
Quarantine facility.

m. If any doctor has not reported due to unavoidable circumstances, present available
team will inform to the concerned authority of designated hospital for substitute.

n. In case any patient needs to be transferred due to any eventuality to the referral centre, senior most doctor will accompany the ALS Ambulance to take care of the
patient till he/she reaches and handed over to the centre.

o. The medical team may take help of psychiatric/ counsellor team if required,
for psychosocial support

p. Team to work in harmony with the Quarantine facility medical team.

 The senior most doctor on duty from the designated hospital will take decision of the clinical management.

14

Annex 3

Standard Operative Producers for Nursing Officer (supervisor)

• Maintain log of medical professionals/staffs entering/exiting in the quarantine facility, where the quarantine people are housed.

• A designated nursing officer (infection prevention & control nurse) has to ensure that the incoming officers/ staff to the quarantine building that are wearing appropriate PPE, and they are aware of universal infection control precautions {hand washing (alcohol/ sanitizers or soap + water; mask, gloves, PPE).

• After this he/she will allow the person to enter.

• The PPE doffed off by the outgoing medical professionals needs to be disposed in the yellow bag and hand sanitization should be ensured after disposing the PPE. (PPE- donning On / doffing Off enclosed).

• Yellow bags containing the infected materials placed in the nearby gate should be disposed off daily as per the Biomedical Waste Management Rules.

• The dustbins should be covered at all times. This should be ensured by Nursing officer. If required, disinfection has to be done as advised.

• Black bags (municipal wastes) – to be disposed after proper packaging daily as per the Biomedical Waste Management Rules.

• Supervise IPC in the facility in coordination with Microbiologist/Clinician

15

Annex 4

Standard Operative Producers for Movement of Health Professionals and Support Staff Inside the Quarantine facility

The movements of health professionals are to be monitored at three vital points considering the control of infection for the prevailing disease-

CONTROL ROOM:

• Health professionals and support staff need to be made aware and trained in correct procedure of wearing mask and gloves.

• They need to be trained to follow the infection control measures as instructed including

o hand washing with soap and water and sanitizing with sanitizers,

alcohol-based

o o o

cough etiquettes,
donning and doffing of PPE etc. before entering the quarantine facility.

Main Gate Security post: To monitor entry of persons/visitors to the facility and ensure that the personnel should comply with instructions / including wear the mask correctly.

Nursing Station at Quarantine building (ground floor):

1. Registration of name with time and purpose for entering the building

2. PPE should be donned here.

3. Nursing officer will check and ensure strict and correct wearing of PPE
before entering the main quarantine area

4. After coming out from the main quarantine area, PPE to be doffed properly
and placed in the designated bin for infective material (Yellow bag)

5. The hands should be sanitized before exiting the quarantine area

6. Mobile phones are not allowed to be used inside the building

7. Name of doctors to be written on the PPE with permanent marker for
identification.

16

Standard Operative Producers for Security Personnel at Quarantine facility

1. For security purpose, ensure 24 hours manning of the post of the quarantine facility.

2. The person manning the area must be trained and instructed to wear mask and gloves during the duty period.

3. Instructions for infection control measures like hand washing etc. should be properly briefed.

4. Doctors/Nursing staff/supporting staffs/other entering the quarantine area should wear appropriate PPE before entering the quarantine centers.

5. Log of those entering/exiting the Quarantine facility should be maintained. Only those having specific purpose inside the Quarantine facility should be allowed to enter.

6. The log should be put up daily to the controlling authority.

7. Security guard should have a whistle to give signals to people to not come near the quarantine facility if they do not have any purpose to visit
the Quarantine facility.

8. He should report immediately to the officer In-charge controlling the
security of the quarantine facility, if anybody does not follow the instructions
as directed.

9. The security personnel should not leave after completing his shift till his
reliever reports for duty.

10. The officer In-charge controlling the security of the quarantine facility will supervise the duty roster and roles and responsibilities of all the personnel deployed at the quarantine area for smooth functioning.

17

Annexure-5

Annexure-6
Requirements of Equipment for Quarantine Facility

    

Equipment Gloves

• reusable vinyl or rubber gloves for environmental cleaning

• latex single-use gloves for clinical care

Hair covers (optional)
Particulate respirators (N95, FFP2, or equivalent)

Medical (surgical or procedure) masks

Daily Consumption for holding 300 persons

200

1500

150

1500

                  

Gowns and aprons (single-use long-sleeved fluid-resistant or 150 reusable non-fluid-resistant gowns )

  

PPE Kit

Alcohol-based hand rub

130

50

       

Plain soap (liquid if possible, for washing hands in clean 500 water)

   

Clean single-use towels (e.g. paper towels)

Sharps containers

Appropriate detergent for environmental cleaning and disinfectant for disinfection of surfaces, instruments or equipment

Large plastic bags

Appropriate clinical waste bags

Linen bags
Collection container for used equipment

1500

5

20 litres

200

100

500 200

                        

18

Human Resource requirement for Quarantine Facility

The requisite human resources at a Quarantine Facility can be divided into two broad categories:

General Requirements of medical personnel for the facility as under Medical personnel- ( catering facility of 300 people )

I. On- Duty Doctors in 6 hours shift of 2 doctors

II. Nusring Staff in 6 hours shift of 4 nurses

III. Lab. Technicians in 6 hours shift of 4 technicians

1. Health professionals: (Multi-disciplinary team)

• Medical doctors (Multi-Speciality team)- General duty doctors, Specialists like Medicine, Paediatrician, Psychiatrist / Psychologist, Public Health specialist, Microbiologist etc.

• Nursing officers

• Pharmacists

• Paramedics

• Lab. Technicians (preferably)
2. Supporting staffs like Safai Karamchari, Housekeeping, Laundry workers, Cooks, etc. 3. Security staffs

19

Annexure – 7

I.

II.

III. IV. V.

VI. VII. VIII.

IX. X.

Only authorised personnel should enter the quarantine facility for carrying out pre- determined activity. While entering the quarantine facility, it should be ensured that personnel are wearing the requisite personal protective equipment

A pre-identified staff should be designated to screen the personnel entering in the quarantine facility using following check-list.

Is the person entering the quarantine building either doctors/nursing officers/ supporting staffs/ Govt. officials etc. posted or authorized to enter the quarantine building in the Centre?

Whether the person entering the quarantine building is having duty inside the building during that time?

Whether the person entering wear protective suit correctly? Whether the person entering wear N-95 Mask correctly?
Whether the person entering wear goggles correctly?
Whether the person entering wear headgear correctly?
Whether the person entering wear boots correctly?
Whether PPE has no gaps/physical damages which can be a risk in the disease transmission?

If it is ‘YES’ in all Qs from 1to 9, then, the person is allowed to enter the

quarantine building.

If any of the Qs is NO, then , to ask for appropriate donning of PPE initially and if not still then, to contact the concerned officer supervising the

nursing officers and if required, NCDC Team on duty /In-charge of the center.

Annexure- 8 Checklist for screening entry of persons inside the quarantine building

20

Guidelines for Disinfection of quarantine facility (for COVID-19) (Refer to NCDC Website for latest updates)

Guidelines for disinfection of quarantine facility (for COVID-19)

Scope: This document aims to provide interim guidance about the environmental cleaning / decontamination in quarantine camp facilities (e.g. barracks, cubicles in rooms, offices, and toilets, etc.) where persons with potential exposure to COVID-19 have housed.

The causative agent involved in the current outbreaks of 2019-nCoV acute respiratory disease, the 2019-nCoV (genus: Betacoronavirus), belongs to the family of Coronaviridae, a large family of enveloped, positive-sense single-stranded RNA viruses. Coronaviruses are transmitted in most instances through large respiratory droplets and contact transmission, but other modes of transmission have also been proposed worldwide.

The time of survival and the conditions affecting the 2019-nCoV viability in the environment are currently unknown. According to studies assessing the environmental stability of other coronaviruses, the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV) is estimated to survive several days in the environment and the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome-related coronavirus (MERS-CoV) more than 48 hours at an average room temperature (20°C) on different surfaces [1-3].

Environmental cleaning: Due to the potential survival of the virus in the environment for several days, the premises and areas potentially contaminated with the 2019-nCoV should be cleaned before their re-use, using products containing antimicrobial agents known to be effective against coronaviruses. Although there is lack of specific evidence for their effectiveness against 2019-nCoV virus, cleaning with water and household detergents and use of common disinfectant products should be sufficient for general precautionary cleaning. Tests carried out using SARS-CoV showed that sodium hypochlorite is effective.

These guidelines provide guidance for environmental cleaning in quarantine facilities housing people exposed/ potential exposure toCOVID-19 and have been adapted based on the Hospital Infection Prevention and Control guidelines drafted by NCDC in collaboration with WHO and other stakeholders.

21

Annexure – 9

 

Area/Items

Item/Equipment

Process

Method/ Procedure

 

        

General clinical areas

Floors (clinical areas) – daily mopping

Clinical Area

dust. Sweep under the furniture Daily mopping and remove dust from corners.

Dust mops

Mop
(No broom will be

used for sweeping)

Detergent/ sanitizer–hot water, sodium hypochlorite(1%)

Three buckets (one with plain water and one with detergent solution;

one bucket for sodium hypochlorite(1%)

Sweeping

    

Ceiling and Walls

Sweeping tool Duster
Bowl/ small bucket of soap solution Plain water

Damp dusting

Gathered dust must be removed

using a hearth brush and shovel.

• The sweep tool should be
cleaned or replaced after use.

• Prepare cleaning solution using detergent with warm water

• Use the three-bucket technique for mopping the floor, one bucket with plain water and one with the detergentsolution.

• First mop the area with the warm water and detergent solution.

• After mopping clean the mop in plain water and squeeze it.

• Repeat this procedure for the remaining area.

• Mop area again using sodium hypochlorite 1% after drying the area.

• In between mopping if solution or water is dirty change it frequently.

• Mop the floor starting at the far corner of the room and work towards thedoor.

• Clean articles between cleaning.
Note: Mopping should be done twice a day

• Damp dusting with a long
handledtool for the walls and ceiling done with very little moisture, just enough to collect thedust.

• Damp dusting should be done in straight lines that overlap one another.

• Change the mop head/cover when soiled.
Note: Should be done once a week or after examining a suspect case

• Sweep with the dust mop or Cleaning damp mop to remove surface

       

22

               

Doors and door knobs

Care of mop

Damp cloth or Sponge squeeze mop Detergent

Detergent/ Sanitizer– warm water, sodium hypochlorite (1%) Three buckets

(one with plain water and one
with detergent solution);
separate bucket for sodium hypochlorite (1%)

Sodium hypochlorite (1%)
Rag piece
Absorbent paper Unsterile gloves

Spill care kit Mop
Hot water

Hot water Detergent Sodium hypochlorite 1%

Thorough washing

• Clean with hot water and detergent solution, disinfect it with sodium hypochlorite and keep for drying upsidedown.

• The doors are to be washed with a brush, using detergent and water once a week (on one defined day); gently apply cloth to soiled area, taking care not to remove paint, then wipe with warm water to remove excess cleaningagent.

• Door knobs and other frequently touched surfaces should be cleaned daily.

• Before cleaning an isolation room, liaise with infection control team for details of any special requirements. Staff will be instructed on specific cleaning procedures required with reference to

• Safety uniform to be worn.
• Chemicals or disinfectants to be

used.

• Also, if bed screen and shower screen are to be cleaned or changed, refer cleaning in isolation rooms.

• Wear non-sterile gloves. • For large spills, cover with

absorbent paper/ rag piece

• if any broken glass and sharps, using a pair of forceps and gloves, carefully retrieve.Use a large amount of folded absorbent paper to collect small glass splinters. Place the broken items into the puncture proof sharps container.

• Cover the spill with sodium hypochlorite(1%)for 10–20 minutes contact time.

• Clean up spill and discard into infectious waste bin, and mop area with soap and hot water.

• Clean the mop and mop area with 1% sodium hypochlorite.

• Wash mop with detergent and hot water and allow it to dry.

       

Isolation room

Terminal cleaning

           

All clinical areas/ Laboratories/ Wherever spill care is required

Blood and body fluid spill care

        

23

      

Stethoscope

Alcohol-based rub/Spirit swab

Cleaning

• Should be cleaned with detergent and water.

• Should be wiped with alcohol based rub/spirit swab before each patient contact.

                                      

BP cuffs and covers

Detergent Hot water

Washing

• Cuffsshouldbewipedwithalcohol- based disinfectant and regular laundering is recommended for the cover.

                                 

Thermometer

Detergent and water

Alcohol rub Individual thermometer holder

Cleaning

• Should be stored dry in individual holder.

• Clean with detergent and tepid water and wipe with alcohol rub in between patient use.

• Store in individual holder inverted.

• Preferably one thermometer for each patient.

                                                             

Injection and dressing trolley

Detergent and water

Duster Disinfectant (70% alcohol)

Cleaning

                   

Method/ procedure

• To be cleaned daily with detergent and water.

• After each use should be wiped with disinfectant.

                         

Refrigerators

Detergent and water

Absorbent paper or clean cloth

Cleaning (weekly)

• Empty the fridge and store thingsappropriately.

• Defrost, decontaminate and clean with detergent.

• Dry it properly and replace the things.

• Weekly cleaning is recommended.

                                                  

Area/Items

Item/Equipment

Process

                      

General cleaning

Lockers,

tables, cupboard, wardrobes, benches, shelves and cots

Railings

ng

Detergent and warm water
Mop
Two buckets Clean utility gloves Handmops

Lodging area

 

Daily mopping floors

Thorough washing

• Scrub floors with hot water and detergent with usi minimal water. (Do not pour thewater.)

• Clean with plainwater.

• Allow to dry

• Hypochlorite 1% mopping canbe
done.
Note:Recommend general cleaning procedure should be done twice a day

                                                   

Damp duster Warm water Detergent Dry duster

Damp dusting

• Damp dust with warm waterand detergent.

                                    

Detergent/ Sanitizer–hotwater, sodium hypochlorite

Daily dusting

• Damp dust with warm water and detergent followed by disinfection with hypochlorite

     

24

       

Mirrors and Glass

Sluice room Stainless steel/ Any other sink

Pantry furniture Telephone

Desks

1%

Three small buckets/ or big bowls
One with plain water

One with detergent solution
One for sodium hypochlorite 1%

Warm water Detergent water/ cleaning solution Damp cloth Wiper

Powder cleanser Detergent powder Wiper
Cloth

Duster

Warm water detergent solution Duster

Damp cloth Furniture polish

Cleaning • Using warm water and a small quantity of detergent and using a damp cloth, wipe over the mirror and surround, then using a dry lint-free cloth, buff the

mirror and glass to a clean dryfinish.

Cleaning • Sinks are to be cleaned witha powder cleanser.

• Firstwetthesink.Sprinkleonalittle powder cleanser and work around the surface with a cloth, include the plughole.

• Do not use the powder cleanseron dry sink.

• After removing spillage and any stains, flush away with running water. Wipe down the surface of the sink.

Dusting • Dampdust

General cleaning • Damp dust with warm waterand detergent.

                     

Dusting

Payingspecialattentiontotheear
and mouth piece and dry it properly.

• Wipe top sides and draw handles with a damp cloth. Wooden desks should be cleaned with furniture polish and buffed to clear glows. Pen holder etc. to be cleaned ordusted.

      

Chairs (Vinyl) Warm water and Cleaning • Wipe down with warm water and detergent. Remove detergent any marks under arms and seat. Check fordamage

to stoppers, if stopper require replacement, report to maintenance department.

Furniture and fittings

Warm water and detergent
Rag piece

Dusting

• Using warm water and detergent, damp dust all furniture and fittings, including chairs, stools, beds, tables, cupboards, wardrobes, lockers, trolleys, benches, shelves and storage racks, waste/ bins, fire extinguishers, oxygen cylinders, televisions window sills and dry properly.

Bed tables, bedside lockers

Warm water and detergent
Wiper Duster

Cleaning

• Wipe down over bed table. Wipe top and underneath base and stand, using warm water and detergent. Dry oncompletion.

• Wipe down the bedside. Remove marks from fronts of draws and sides. Using warm water and detergent, wash the top to remove any sticky marks anddust.

Light switches

Damp cloth (never

Cleaning

• Light switches to be cleaned of dust, spots and finger

25

  

and over-bed lights

Curtains

White clothes

Mattress and pillow covers (cloth)

Mattress/ Pillow with rexin cover

Normal/ without rexin

Water jars

Areas

Toilet pot/ commode

Lid/commode Toilet floor

Tap

Outside sink

Showers area / Taps and fittings

wet) Detergent Warm water

• •

marks. Clean with a damp cloth (never wet) and detergent.
Over-bed lighting to be damp dusted. Clean with warm water and detergent.

Clean with water and soap for curtains

Should be washed under running water and soaked in

   

 

Soft clothes
Water
Mild soap solution

Cleaning

       

Sodium hypochlorite 1% Tap water

Washing

       

Tap water

Washing

          

Terminal

Damp dusting and cleaning

Drying in sunlight

Sodium hypochlorite 1%

Sunlight

             

Vim powder Soap and water

Cleaning

     

Agents / Toilet cleaner

              

Sodium hypochlorite 1%/
Soap powder / long handle angular brush

Nylon scrubber and soap powder

Soap powder and scrubbing brush/ nylon broom

Nylon scrubber and soap powder

  

Soap powder and nylon scrubber

                 

Warm water Detergent powder Nylon Scrubber

1% sodium hypochlorite for 20minutes.
Note: PPE should be worn while washing soiled linen.

• Mattress and pillows should be covered with a reusable mattress cover.

• It should be changed for each patient and when soiled sent to the laundry according to schedule.

• If with rexin cover, can be cleaned with 1% sodium hypochlorite before use for next patient

• If routine mattress, dry it in bright sunlight for 1-2 days before using for next patient

• Recommended boiled water for drinking

• Water jars should be scrubbed/ cleaned with soap and
water and boiled water before filling withwater.
Procedure
Cleaning of toilets

• Inside of toilet pot/commode:

• Scrub with the recommended agents and
the long handle angular brush.

• Outside: Clean with recommended agents;
use a nylon scrubber.

• Wet and scrub with soap powder and the nylon scrubber inside and outside

• Scrub floor with soap powder and the scrubbing brush

• Wash with water

• Use sodium hypochlorite1% dilution

• Wet and scrub with soap powder and the nylon scrubber.

• Scrub with the nylon scrubber.

• Thoroughly scrub the floors/tiles with
warm water and detergent

• Wipe over taps and fittings with a damp
cloth and detergent.

• Care should be taken to clean the

26

underside of taps and fittings.

• Taps should be dried aftercleaning

Soap dispensers

Detergent and water

• Daily dusting

• Should be cleaned weeklywith
detergent and water and dried.

Note: Dry the floors with a separate drying mop.

27

Annexure- 10

SoPs for Management of Bio-medical Waste (BMW) in the Quarantine Quarantine facility

“Bio-medical waste” means any waste, which is generated during the surveillance, monitoring, diagnosis, treatment or immunization of quarantined personnel in health Quarantine facility. The Bio-medical Waste Management rules are applicable to all persons who generate, collect, receive, store, transport, treat, dispose, or handle bio medical waste in any form at the quarantine Quarantine facility.

Management of Hospital/Healthcare/Biomedical waste at the quarantine Quarantine facility is of utmost concern having global implications and immediate attention. It is documented that even the general waste generated from Quarantine Quarantine facility is a potential health hazard to the health care workers, public, flora and fauna of the area.

All officials concerned with the Quarantine facility administration and all other health care workers including medical, dental, nursing officers, other paramedical staff and waste handlers such as safai karmacharis, attendants & Sanitation attendants are well oriented to requirements of handling and management of general and biomedical waste generated at the Quarantine facility. Steps in the management of biomedical waste include generation, accumulation, handling, storage, treatment, transport and disposal.

Organogram for Biomedical waste management( ITBP Chhawla):

Bio-medical waste has been classified in to 4 major categories to improve the segregation of waste at the source itself:

  

28

             

Categories

Type of Bags Type of Waste

Treatment/Disposal

                                        

Non 1. Donned off PPE chlorinated 2. PPE with spill

   

plastic, autoclavable bags

3. Gloves
4. Shoe covers
5. Head Covers
6. disposable bed sheets

Incineration or Plasma pyrolysis or deep burial*

                              

Non 1. Eye protection goggles chlorinated 2. recyclable materials

   

plastic,

autoclavable bags

like pens
3.plastic water bottles used by quarantine people
4. Bed sheets

Autoclaving/microwaving /hydroclaving and
then sent for recyling

not be sent to landfill

                                  

Puncture, leak, 1. sharpwaste including tamper proof metals
containers

 

Auto or Dry Heat Sterilization
followed by shredding or mutilation or encapsulation

                                          

Cardboard boxes with blue coloured marking

Glassware/tubelight/CFL bulbs/LED used in quarantine Quarantine facility

Disinfection or autoclaving, microwaving, hydroclaving and then sent for

recycling

          

 

Duties of the Quarantine Quarantine facility Authorities:

1. Provide training to all its health care workers and others involved in handling of bio medical waste.
2. To provide a safe, ventilated and secured location for storage of segregated BMW within premises of quarantine Quarantine facility.

3. Provide legal authorization and access to Waste collecting van/vehicle.

Duties of the Bio-medical waste management company (SMS water grace BMW Pvt. Ltd.):
1.
Ensure timely collection (atleast twice daily morning & evening) of BMW from Quarantine Quarantine facility

2. Handing over of recyclable waste after treatment by autoclaving and incineration to authorized agencies identified by Government of India.
3. Assist health care facilities in training of workers.

29

4. Provide PPE kits and other safety measures to their vehicle driver, collector, helper, safai karamchari.
5. Issue authorized Identity card to all the persons coming to the Quarantine Quarantine facilityus.

Treatment and Disposal:

1. Quarantine Quarantine facility does not have an onsite setup for BMW treatment facilities there it should be taken to their designated BMW facility and treatment/disposal must be done as per BMW regulations approved in their contract.
2. No untreated bio-medical waste shall be kept stored beyond a period of 48 hours.

3. All the waste (even the general waste) generated from the quarantine Quarantine facility must be treated as Biomedical waste.

Maintenance of Records:

1. Records in relation to generation, collection, reception, storage, transportation, treatment and disposal shall be maintained as per rules For 5 years.

Accident Reporting: In case of major accident-intimate immediately and submit a report within 24 hours to the Quarantine facility incharge(CMO-Incharge ITBP Quarantine facility).

Implementation:

Efficient implementation of the bio-medical waste management pivots on orientation, training and

involvement of all the staff in the Quarantine facility. Ensuring proper disposal and segregation at source is the most important step as this is the limiting factor for most health care settings. Continuous training, monitoring & supervision to monitor the implementation must be done on daily basis.

Generation to Disposal process:

1. BMW is collected from various sites in the quarantine facility.

2. All Collected Bags are loaded on to special Bio Medical Waste Trucks/Van and are transported to BMW management facility for treatment and disposal thereafter.

30

Procedure/ Flowchart for Treatment of Biomedical Waste:

31

Guidelines for Quarantine facility Incharge, Health professionals, Quarantine people and their family members to guide them with respect to the discharge from Quarantine facility and follow up action in the community.

A. For the Quarantine facility Incharge & Health Professionals at the Quarantine facility:

• The final sample collection for all the travellers shall be taken up on the 13th and 14th day while being in the facility.

• The samples shall be collected and sent to the designated laboratories.

• The reports for the same shall be received latest by 16th/17th day in the
facility through ICMR.

• Based on the reports a decision can be taken to discharge the travellers.

• Discharge shall accordingly, if agreed to, will be done on the 18th day from the Quarantine facility. Quarantine facility Incharge shall accordingly intimate the travellers in advance for them to make arrangement for their onward journey.

• A detailed enumeration of the proposed place of stay by the travllers during the next 14 days will be obtained including contact numbers by the Quarantine facility Incharge.

• The Quarantine facility Incharges will plan dropping the travellers in either of the locations i.e. ISBT, Railway Station or Airport as per the preference of the travellers.

B. For the Travellers in the Quarantine facility: 1. While travelling back home:

• Provide details of your stay for next 14 days including the contact numbers.

• Obtain list of District and State Surveillance Officers for follow up and reporting in case of any issue.

• Use triple layer surgical mask (follow correct use and disposal of mask as briefed during the stay in quarantine centre)

• Follow frequent hand-wash with soap and water or use alcohol based hand sanitizer.

• Use respiratory etiquettes (use tissue paper/ hand-kerchief to cover your nose and mouth, turn head away from the person facing of you, while coughing/ sneezing).

• Monitor your temperature twice daily.

32

Annex 11

• Retain the aircraft boarding pass/ rail ticket/ details of Journey by taxi (including contact number of drivers etc)

2. After reaching home

• Avoid crowded places.

• Monitor your health for a period of next 14 days (after leaving the quarantine centre).

• Monitor body temperature twice daily.

• At all times:

o Maintainpersonalhygiene
o Wash hands with soap and water frequently or use alcohol

based hand sanitizer.
o Use respiratory etiquettes (use tissue paper/ hand-kerchief to

cover your nose and mouth, turn head away from the person facing of you, while coughing/ sneezing).

• Report to nearest health facility if you develop fever, cough or difficulty in breathing besides reporting it to the State and District Surveillance Officer.

• Allow attendance by health workers / respond to call received from Health functionaries. Keep their contact numbers handy.

• Inform about your health at the end of 14 days period to the Healthcare worker and State and District Surveillance Officer.

3. In case you develop fever, cough or difficulty in breathing any time after leaving the quarantine Centre (within next 14 days):

• Call the nearest health facility or health worker visiting you/ talking to you besides informing the State and District Surveillance Officer.

• An identified care giver (among family members) will only attend to you. He / she will wear mask and wash hands, every time he/ she comes in contact with you.

• Use surgical triple layer mask immediately on realization of symptoms.

• Get admitted to the identified health facility as advised.

• The vehicle/ ambulance which was used for transportation also needs to be disinfected. (Contact the health facility for the disinfection procedure).

• Follow infection prevention and control practices at all times and places.

• If further assistance is required, call Ministry of Health, Government of India’s Control Room no. +91-11-23978046.

33

C. Advice to other family members at home:

• Wash your hands with soap and water frequently.

• If the person (discharged from the quarantine centre) develops symptoms inform the health worker and also the State and District Surveillance Officer.

• In case advised to shift the patient to a health facility:

o Share list of all contacts till date with the treating doctor/ health care

worker and the State and District Surveillance

o Family members to be in home quarantine till either medical examination rules out novel coronavirus infection or the result
of sample is negative.

o Proper disinfection of bedding/ clothing/ room/ all personal belongings should be followed with 1% Sodium hypochlorite solution.

34

I.

CHECKLIST FOR ESTABLISHING A QUARANTINE CENTER

Basic Information:

. 1)  Name of the Quarantine Centre_

. 2)  Address: _

. 3)  Officer In charge:_

. 4)  Email address:

. 5)  Phone Number: _

. 6)  GPS Coordinates:_

Location of quarantine centre

. 7)  Located away from the residential area?

. 8)  Distance to nearby residential area?

. 9)  Away from an area where gathering expected (Eg: Temples, stadiums, Churches
etc):

Accessibility to the quarantine centre :

10) How far is it from the nearby airport?
11) How far is from the nearest railway station?
12) How far is the nearest bus station?
13) Istheroadtoquarantinecentreisfreefromheavytraffic?
14) Istheroadtoquarantinecentreiswideenoughtohavetwovehiclesatatime?

15) Howfaristhenearesttertiarycarecentre? 16) How far is the nearest District Hospital?

II.

Yes

No

Yes

No

III.

Yes

No

IV. Facilities & basic amenities at quarantine facility:

17) How many floors are there in the quarantine building?
18) How many rooms available at the quarantine facility?
19) Howmanynumbersofbedsineachroomatquarantinefacility?

35

. 20)  What is the distance between beds in the quarantine room?

. 21)  Isthereis24*7supplyofelectricityatthefacility?

. 22)  Is there 24*7 supply of water at the facility?

. 23)  Is there air conditioning available?

. 24)  If yes, it is by centralised AC or individual air conditioning in each room?

i. If individual AC ? a: Split b: Window

. 25)  Does window space covers at least 10% of total area?

. 26)  Howmanywindowsineachroom?

. 27)  Isthereexhaustfansineachroom?

i. If Yes, how much air exchange rate expressed in cubic feet per minute

(CFM)?

. 28)  Istheredrainagefacilityavailableineachfloor??

. 29)  Is there any separate sewage line from Quarantine areas?

. 30)  Arethereseparateexit&entrypoints?

. 31)  Is there availability of 24*7 security services at the quarantine area?

. 32)  Is there any separate door for entry of non-health professionals for

   

Yes

No

   

Yes

No

   

Yes

No

Yes

No

Yes

No

Yes

No

Yes

No

housekeeping, catering?

33)

Yes

No

. 34)  Is there any separate washroom facility for each room at the facility?
No

. 35)  If not, how many wash rooms per person/area?

. 36)  Are the floors washable & easily dried?

. 37)  Is the floor mappable?

. 38)  Isthereanyin-housemessfacilityavailableatquarantinearea?

. 39)  Isthereanyseparateroom/restingfacilityfor?

i. Doctors

ii. Nurses

iii. Paramedics

iv. Cleaning staffs

V. Linen management
40) What is the Frequency of changing linen in Quarantine rooms?

41) Whether disposable of Linen used?

i. If No then, How they are disinfecting & cleaning linen?

ii. How frequently linens changed? 36

Yes

    

Yes

No

   

Yes

No

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

44) Is there any written policy for disinfecting beds at quarantine centres? 45) If yes, please verify policy and elaborate /

VI. Infection control practices
46) Is adequate PPE supply available at the quarantine facility?

42) Isthereanycurtainsavailableinthequarantinerooms/wards?

No

i. If yes frequency of changing them?

ii. frequency of disinfecting & cleaning?

 

43) Isthereanypolicyfordisinfectingmattressatquarantinefacility?

No

Yes

No

 

No

. 47)  Is there adequate supply of disinfectants at the centre?
No

. 48)  Are the staffs in the facility trained in wearing PPE?
No

. 49)  Is there a separate area for donning & doffing PPE?
No

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

     

. 50)  Is there hand washing facility with soap with dispenser / hand sanitizer available at donning & doffing areas?

. 51)  Ifyes,whattypeofhandrubdispensersareavailable?(selectallapplicable answers)

Yes

No

i. Pocket bottle

ii. Bottle affixed to trolley/tray

iii. Bottle affixed to bed

iv. Wall dispenser

v. Dispenser located on bedside table/trolley

. 52)  Whetherallstaffhasaccesstohandrubdispensers??
No

. 53)  Arehandrubdispensersreplacedwhenempty? i. Always

Yes

 

ii. Intermittently

37

iii. Rarely iv. Never

v. Not applicable

. 54)  Are posters illustrating handwash technique displayed beside each sink?

. 55)  Is there availability of bleaching solution of different strength available?
Yes

. 58)  Are the staffs trained in infection control practices?

. 59)  Is there a structured curriculum / training module for Infection Control
Practices? ?

Yes

No

% of hypochlorite solution

YES

NO

1%

5%

10%

. 56)  Isthereanypolicyforrodent&pestcontrolmanagement?
No

. 57)  Ifyes,isitbeingimplemented&followed?

    

Yes

No

   

Yes

No

Yes

No

. 60)  What is i. ii. iii. iv. v.

. 61)  Is there

. 62)  Is there centre?

the Frequency of cleaning of
floors of quarantine rooms/wards
Bathrooms
Ambulatory areas
Resting rooms
What is the Frequency of cleaning high touch surfaces like door knobs, bed rails etc?

any separate sample collection area?
is separate thermometer & BP apparatus available at the quarantine

Yes

No

Yes

No

. 63)  AretherecolourcodedbagsavailableforBMWmanagement?

. 64)  Is the waste being segregated and disposed as per protocol?
No

. 65)  Are the sharps being disposed as per protocol?

. 66)  Howthefoodwasteisbeingdisposed?

Yes

 

Yes

No

38

VII. Recreational facilities

Yes

69) Isthereanyrecreationalroom/areaavailable?
70) Is there any provision for Television or Radio at the quarantine facility?

Yes

72) Is there a dedicated Infection nurse for the quarantine facility to monitor IPC activities?

67) Isthereprovisionformobilephoneorinternetatthefacility?

No

68) Arethemobilesphonedisinfected?

i. If Yes how

ii. How frequently

Yes

No

Yes

No

71) Is there a provision of printed reading materials at the facility?

No

i. If Yes how the materials are disposed off?

VIII. Human resources & logistics

73) Is there is rotational shift for doctors/nurses/paramedics? i. If Yes, how many shifts?

ii. Doctors in each shift
iii. Nurses in each shift
iv. Cleaning staffs in each shift

74) Isthereanypulmonologists/physicianavailablewhenitisneeded?

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

75) Isthereaphlebotomist/labtechnicianavailablewhenitisneeded?

No

76) Isthereanyavailabilityofclinicalpsychologistinquarantinefacility?

No

IX. SOP&policies

77) Is there any guidelines/ inhouse SOP for infection control practices?

No

39

Yes

. 79)  Is there any written policy for the recreational area? ?

. 80)  Biomedical waste management guidelines 2016 & amendments 2019 available?

. 81)  DoesthequarantinehealthfacilityinchargeawareofNationalIPCguidelinesfor healthcare facilities 2020?

. 82)  Is there any linen policy available?

. 83)  Is there any SOP for working of doctors, nurses & paramedics at quarantine
facility?

. 84)  Is there any protocol for disinfecting ambulance after transporting patient to isolation centre?

. 85)  Isthereanypolicyformonitoringhealthofstaffsatquarantinearea?

. 86)  Is there enough IEC displayed at the quarantine centre?

X. Transporting Patients to Isolation centre

. 87)  Isthereanyprotocolfortransferofpatientstotertiarycare/transferof symptomatic cases to isolation centre?

. 88)  Is there separate ambulance available for transporting patients to isolation
centre?

. 89)  Are the ambulance staff trained in wearing PPE & infection control practices?

90) HowfaristheIsolationfacilityfromthequarantinecentre

78) Is there any protocol for limiting the visitors to quarantine area?

No

Yes

No

Yes

No

   

Yes

No

   

Yes

No

Yes

No

Yes

No

40

41

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: